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For some people, a blood sugar below 90 mg/dL can make them feel like this. For others, it takes a lower blood sugar to cause these symptoms.
You must watch your blood sugar level closely. Regular testing of your blood sugar may allow you to detect and treat hypoglycemia before it causes serious symptoms. You may be able to prevent ever having low blood sugar.
Some high blood pressure medicines called beta blockers hide the symptoms of hypoglycemia. If you are taking medicine for high blood pressure, ask your healthcare provider if the medicines you are taking could have this effect.
You should know the difference between the symptoms of low blood sugar and high blood sugar . High blood sugar doesn’t always cause symptoms, but when it does the symptoms may include blurry vision, extreme thirst, and a lot of urination.
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For instance, the researchers representing Harvard Medical School showed that inflammation could even trigger high blood pressure. Lead researcher, Dr. Howard Sesso and his colleague conducted a study on the 21,000 women health professionals who were either 45 years or older.
All these women participants larger Womens Health study did not have high blood pressure and any other kind of cardiovascular disease.
Dr Sesso, along with colleagues, recorded a vital baseline blood level of C-reactive protein. It is an inflammation marker in the body which indicate an infection or inflammation.
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During the study, it was noted that there were about ¼ of the women who had developed hypertension. It became necessary for the Researchers to correlate the initial blood level associated with C-reactive protein with their later risk of suffering from high blood pressure.
Based on another study, Scott Grundy, MD, professor at the University of Texas, stated that the metabolic factors could even explain the connection for inflammation.
Cholesterol and diabetes can also elicit an inflammatory response. A metabolic syndrome even occurs, which can cause high inflammation amongst people along with hypertension.
Dr Grundy said that smoking could even trigger high blood pressure and inflammatory changes.
Testosterone And Heart Disease
Testosterone has mixed effects on the arteries. Many experts believe testosterone contributes to the higher rates of heart disease and high blood pressure that tend to affect men at younger ages. By this reasoning, high testosterone might be bad for the heart.
But testosterone deficiency is connected to insulin resistance, obesity, and diabetes. Each of these problems increases cardiovascular risk. Men with diabetes and low testosterone also have higher rates of atherosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries.
A certain amount of testosterone may be necessary for healthy arteries because it’s converted into estrogen, which protects arteries from damage. As yet, no studies show that testosterone replacement protects the heart or prevents heart attacks.
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What Can Cause Low Blood Sugar Levels
Some things that can make low blood sugar levels more likely are:
- skipping meals and snacks
- not eating enough food during a meal or snack
- exercising longer or harder than usual without eating some extra food
- getting too much insulin
- not timing the insulin doses properly with meals, snacks, and exercise
Also, some things may increase how quickly insulin gets absorbed into the bloodstream and can make hypoglycemia more likely. These include:
- taking a hot shower or bath right after having an insulin injection increases blood flow through the blood vessels in the skin, which can make the insulin be absorbed more quickly than usual
- injecting the shot into a muscle instead of the fatty layer under the skin
- injecting the insulin into a part of the body used a lot in a particular sport .
All of these situations increase the chances that a person may get hypoglycemia.
What Are The Warning Signs Of Heart Attack And Stroke
- pain or pressure in your chest that lasts longer than a few minutes or goes away and comes back
- pain or discomfort in one or both of your arms or shoulders, or your back, neck, or jaw
- shortness of breath
- indigestion or nausea
- feeling very tired
Treatment works best when it is given right away. Warning signs can be different in different people. You may not have all the listed symptoms.
Women may experience chest pain, nausea, and vomiting feel very tired and have pain that spreads to the back, neck, throat, arms, shoulders, or jaw. People with diabetes-related nerve damage may not notice any chest pain.
If you have angina, its important to know how and when to seek medical treatment.
- weakness or numbness of your face, arm, or leg on one side of your body
- confusion, or trouble talking or understanding
- dizziness, loss of balance, or trouble walking
- trouble seeing out of one or both eyes
- sudden, severe headache
If you have any one of these warning signs, call 9-1-1. You can help prevent permanent damage by getting to a hospital within an hour of a stroke.
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What Are Risk Factors For Hyperglycemia
Major risk factors for hyperglycemia are:
- You have a family history of type 2 diabetes.
- You are African American, Native American, Hispanic or Asian American.
- You are overweight.
- You have high blood pressure or cholesterol.
- You have polycystic ovarian syndrome .
- You have a history of gestational diabetes.
Preventing Low Blood Sugar Levels
Here are some other tips to help you avoid low blood sugar levels:
- Eat all your meals and snacks on time and try not to skip any.
- Take the right amount of insulin.
- If you exercise longer or harder than usual, have an extra snack.
- Don’t take a hot bath or shower right after an insulin shot.
- Stick to your diabetes management plan.
- Check your blood sugar levels regularly, so you can tell if your blood sugars are running too low and your treatment plan needs adjustment.
- Carry something containing sugar with you at all times and take it right away if you have symptoms. Don’t wait to see if the symptoms will go away they may get worse!
Alcohol and drugs can cause major problems with your blood sugar levels, so avoiding them is another way to prevent diabetes problems. Drinking can be particularly dangerous even deadly for people with diabetes because it messes up the body’s ability to keep blood glucose in a normal range. This can cause a very rapid drop in blood glucose in people with diabetes. Drug or alcohol use is also dangerous because it may affect someone’s ability to sense low blood sugar levels.
Learning how to recognize the signs of low blood sugar levels and get them back to normal is an important part of caring for diabetes. Keeping track of your blood sugar levels and recording lows when they occur will help you and your diabetes health care team keep your blood sugar levels in a healthy range.
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What Causes Hyperglycemia In People With Diabetes
- The dose of insulin or oral diabetes medication that you are taking is not the most helpful dose for your needs.
- Your body isnt using your natural insulin effectively .
- The amount of carbohydrates you are eating or drinking is not balanced with the amount of insulin your body is able to make or the amount of insulin you inject.
- You are less active than usual.
- Physical stress is affecting you.
- Emotional stress is affecting you.
- You are taking steroids for another condition.
- The dawn phenomenon is affecting you.
Other possible causes
- Pancreatic diseases such as pancreatitis, pancreatic cancer and cystic fibrosis.
- Certain medications .
- Gestational diabetes, which happens in 4% of pregnancies, and is due to decreased insulin sensitivity.
- Surgery or trauma.
Diabetes And Low Testosterone
A link between diabetes and low testosterone is well established. Men with diabetes are more likely to have low testosterone. And men with low testosterone are more likely to later develop diabetes. Testosterone helps the body’s tissues take up more blood sugar in response to insulin. Men with low testosterone more often have insulin resistance: they need to produce more insulin to keep blood sugar normal.
As many as half of men with diabetes have low testosterone, when randomly tested. Scientists aren’t sure whether diabetes causes low testosterone, or the other way around.
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Pay Attention To Volume
Resist grabbing a whole bag of chips or other food to snack on. Measuring out portions and choosing small plates to help with portion control are mindful eating habits to work on developing.
Once youve finished one helping, give yourself time before going back for a second. You may even want to try another stress-relieving technique, like deep breathing, in the meantime.
Testosterone And Other Conditions
Low testosterone often exists with other medical conditions:
- Depression: In a study of almost 4,000 men older than 70, those with the lowest testosterone levels were more than twice as likely to be depressed. This link remained even after allowing for age, general health, obesity, and other variables.
- Erectile dysfunction : Problems with erections and libido are common symptoms of low testosterone. While most ED in older men is caused by atherosclerosis, an evaluation for low testosterone may be warranted.
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How Can I Treat And Manage Hyperglycemia
People with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes can manage hyperglycemia by eating healthy, being active, and managing stress. In addition, insulin is a critical part of managing hyperglycemia for people with type 1 diabetes, while people with type 2 diabetes may need oral medications and eventually insulin to help them manage hyperglycemia.
If you dont have diabetes and have any of the signs and symptoms of hyperglycemia, call your healthcare provider. Together you can work to manage your hyperglycemia.
So What Is Blood Pressure
Your doctor takes your blood pressure at each visit because it’s a key indicator of your health. But beyond a number on your medical chart, how much do you really know about blood pressure at the basic level?
In layman’s terms, your BP is a measure of how hard your blood is pressing on the walls of your arteries as it courses through your body. The top number gauges the pressure when your heart is beating, while the bottom number represents the pressure when your heart is resting between pumps.
A little bit of pressure is good, to help the blood get where it needs to go . But as the saying goes, too much of a good thing isn’t, well, a good thing.
Learn more about blood pressure basics and check out a chart that breaks down healthy vs. unhealthy numbers.
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Physiological Effects Of Hypoglycemia
In the adult human, acute hypoglycemia causes pronounced physiological responses as a consequence of autonomic activation, principally of the sympatho-adrenal system, and results in end-organ stimulation and a profuse release of epinephrine . This profound autonomic stimulus provokes hemodynamic changes, the important consequences of which are to maintain the supply of glucose to the brain and promote the hepatic production of glucose. Blood flow is therefore increased to the myocardium, the splanchnic circulation , and the brain. The hemodynamic changes associated with hypoglycemia include an increase in heart rate and peripheral systolic blood pressure, a fall in central blood pressure, reduced peripheral arterial resistance , and increased myocardial contractility, stroke volume, and cardiac output . The workload of the heart is therefore temporarily but markedly increased. This transient cardiac stress is unlikely to be of serious functional importance in healthy young people who have a normal CV system, but may have dangerous consequences in many older people with diabetes, especially individuals with type 2 diabetes, many of whom have coronary heart disease.
Typical QT measurement with a screen cursor placement from a subject during euglycemia , showing a clearly defined T wave, and hypoglycemia , showing prolonged repolarization and a prominent U wave. Reproduced from Marques et al. with permission from John Wiley & Sons.
Hypoglycemia In Accord Advance And Vadt
CVD is the predominant cause of death in patients with type 2 diabetes, and reducing the risk of CVD has recently been the focus of three large glucose-lowering trials: ACCORD , ADVANCE , and VADT . These three studies randomized almost 24,000 patients with longstanding high-risk type 2 diabetes to standard or intensive glycemic control for up to 5 years, ensuring HbA1c levels < 7%. Mean HbA1c levels in the intensive arms of ACCORD, ADVANCE, and VADT were 6.4, 6.5, and 6.9% in contrast to 7.5, 7.3, and 8.5% in the standard arms. Unfortunately, strict glycemic control in these three studies did not incur a significant CV benefit, and none of the trials demonstrated any positive effect on CV events or mortality . Even worse, the ACCORD study was prematurely interrupted because of an excess mortality among intensively treated patients. The rate of death from CV causes was higher in the intensive therapy group than in the standard therapy group . Similarly, the rate of death from any cause was also significantly higher in the intensive therapy group than in the standard therapy group .
Clinical characteristics and effects of intensive glucose lowering vs. standard therapy on primary CV end point, total mortality, and CV mortality in ACCORD, ADVANCE, and VADT
Percentage of severe hypoglycemic events in ACCORD, ADVANCE, and VADT.
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What Are The Classic Signs Of Inflammation
One of the main goals for any healthcare provider is to assist people for the prevention and reverse of chronic disease. It is the reason because of which it becomes necessary in paying a lot of attention to the chronic inflammation.
The identification of the classic signs of inflammation is indeed essential for the patients.
Here are the five common classic signs and indications that a person is suffering from inflammation.
1- Pain in the Body
An increased level of systemic inflammation can cause significant body pain, such as joint pain and muscle aches. During the elevation of the inflammatory cytokines in the body, they can attack both the joint and muscle issue.
It can result in redness, pain and swelling.
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2- Rashes in the Skin
Both psoriasis and eczema have a link with the hypersensitivity of the immune system. As a result, individuals suffering from these conditions have a higher number of inflammatory mast cells. When they are activated, they trigger the surfacing of the skin rashes.
3- Excessive Production of the Mucus
When any person constantly experiences a need for clearing the throat or blowing their nose, it means that they are inflamed.
As a result, the person then coughs, sneezes and the occurrence of the runny nose takes place.
4- Feeling Low Energy
5- Poor Digestion
Risks Of Having An Inflammation To People With High Blood Pressure
It is a fact that inflammation has an association with elevated levels of blood pressure amongst the general population.
In rheumatoid arthritis , the inflammation levels are ten-fold higher in comparison with the general population. However, in this case, whether the relationship between blood pressure and inflammation would remain the same requires a future study. But, the assessment of the association between BP and inflammation has high significance for RA.
The risk related to cardiovascular is indeed 1.5 to 2.0 times higher in comparison with individuals from the general population. This excess risk is only because of the inflammation.
People suffering from high blood pressure would not just have symptoms associated with inflammation but even any heart-related disease. The cholesterol levels are going to be high as well for these people.
On the contrary, clinical experts who assess the high blood pressure of the patients even identify the symptoms for inflammation. Their assessment proves true that BP patients will also complain of inflammation problems.
Therefore, it is necessary for the doctors in treating not just high blood pressure of the patients but even the inflammatory issues as well.
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What Are The Signs & Symptoms Of Low Blood Sugar
Different people may feel low blood sugar levels differently. People with low blood sugar may:
- feel hungry or have “hunger pains” in their stomach
- feel shaky or like they’re trembling
- have a rapid heart rate
- feel sweaty or have cold, clammy skin
- have pale, gray skin color
- have a headache
- have seizures or convulsions
- lose consciousness
If you have diabetes, try to remember how your body reacts when your blood sugar levels are low. It may help you figure out when you’re having a low blood sugar level more quickly the next time.
Family History Of Heart Disease
A family history of heart disease may add to your chances of developing the condition. If one or more of your family members had a heart attack before age 50, you have double the chance of developing heart disease compared with people who have no family history of the disease.4
You cant change whether heart disease runs in your family. But if you have diabetes, its even more important to take steps to protect yourself from heart disease and decrease your chances of having a stroke.
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