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How To Control Sugar Levels For Diabetes

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Is There A Specific Diet For Type 1 Diabetes


The goal of managing type 1 diabetes is to keep blood sugar at normal levels to ward off future problems. “Taking control of your blood sugar is the only way that you’re going to save yourself from a lot of trouble later on,” Sandra J. Arevalo, RDN, national spokesperson for the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, tells Health.

All people with type 1 diabetes will need to take insulin for the rest of their lives, but diabetes is a highly individual disease. Every person will need different amounts of insulin at different times, and the insulin must be carefully calibrated with not just food but also exercise, stress, sickness, your body size, and metabolismall of which can affect blood sugar. In the beginning, there’s a trial-and-error period to find the right combinations of insulin and diet . “It takes time to find that magic number,” says Arevalo. Type 1 diabetes is also not static, she adds. It will change as time goes on. For this reason and others, there is no one “diabetes diet.”

  • 2 or more milks. This could also be low-fat or non-fat yogurt or cheese
  • 4 to 6 ounces of meat or another protein
  • Up to 3 fats

Alcohol, sweets, and fatty foods should only be taken in moderation.

The plate method can simplify things. Half of your plate should be non-starchy vegetables. Meat or another protein occupies one-fourth, and the final one-fourth is a grain or starch.

Ramp Up Your Movement Each Day

Exercise helps improve blood glucose in people with type 2 diabetes by increasing insulin sensitivity and the bodys ability to use glucose as energy, according to the American Diabetes Association. In type 2, exercise helps improve insulin resistance, says James G. Beckerman, MD, a cardiologist in Portland, Oregon. The end result is lower blood sugars.

Crandall Snyder tells patients that exercise is like spring cleaning for the body. It takes the stored form of glucose and uses it for energy so the next time you eat carbohydrates there’s a place to put it, she says.

Because exercise can immediately reduce blood sugar levels in people with type 2 diabetes, work with your healthcare team to determine the right amount of activity and timing for you. A study published in September 2017 in Frontiers in Endocrinology found exercising 30 minutes after the start of a meal is usually best for maintaining blood sugar controls.

Learn more about managing your blood sugar in Diabetes Daily’s article “HbA1C: Everything You Need to Know.”

What Is High Blood Sugar

The is the amount of glucose in the blood. Glucose is a sugar that comes from the foods we eat, and it’s also formed and stored inside the body. It’s the main source of energy for the cells of our body, and it’s carried to each cell through the bloodstream.

Hyperglycemia is the medical word for high blood sugar levels. High blood sugar levels happen when the body either can’t make insulin or can’t respond to insulin properly . The body needs insulin so glucose in the blood can enter the cells of the body where it can be used for energy. In people who have developed diabetes, glucose builds up in the blood, resulting in hyperglycemia.

Having too much sugar in the blood for long periods of time can cause serious health problems if it’s not treated. Hyperglycemia can damage the vessels that supply blood to vital organs, which can increase the risk of heart disease and stroke, kidney disease, vision problems, and nerve problems. These problems don’t usually show up in kids or teens who have had the disease for only a few years. But they can happen in adulthood in some people with diabetes, particularly if they haven’t managed or controlled their diabetes well.

Blood sugar levels are considered high when they’re above your target range. Your diabetes health care team will let you know what your target blood sugar levels are.

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What Is Diabetes And What Are Its Types

Diabetes is a group of metabolic diseases that cause high blood sugar levels. This may happen due to inadequate production of insulin by the pancreas or when the cells of the body do not respond to the insulin produced. Type-1 diabetes is a situation where one’s body is unable to produce insulin. It usually develops in childhood or adolescence, but it may occur at any age. The other is a condition in which the cells in the body fail to respond to the insulin produced. This is called type-2 diabetes and about 90% of all cases of diabetes worldwide are of this type. Other than these two types, there is also a third kind, gestational diabetes, which affects females during pregnancy.

Diabetes is a group of metabolic diseases that cause high blood sugar levels: Natural Remedies For Diabetes

Eat The Right Carbohydrates

How To Control Blood Sugar Naturally: How to control blood sugar in ...

The two main kinds of carbohydrates simple and complex affect blood sugar levels differently.

Simple carbohydrates are mainly made up of one kind of sugar. They are found in foods, such as white bread, pasta, and candy. The body breaks these carbohydrates down into sugar very quickly, which causes blood sugar levels to rise rapidly.

Complex carbohydrates are made up of three or more sugars that are linked together. Because the chemical makeup of these kinds of carbohydrates is complicated, it takes the body longer to break them down.

As a result, sugar is released into the body more gradually, meaning that blood sugar levels do not rapidly rise after eating them. Examples of complex carbohydrates include whole grain oats and sweet potatoes.

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Drink Water And Stay Hydrated

Drinking enough water could help you keep your blood sugar levels within healthy ranges.

In addition to preventing dehydration, it helps your kidneys flush out any excess sugar through urine.

One review of observational studies showed that those who drank more water had a lower risk of developing high blood sugar levels (

34 ).

You can do so at home using a portable blood glucose meter, which is known as a glucometer. You can discuss this option with your doctor.

Keeping track allows you to determine whether you need to adjust your meals or medications. It also helps you learn how your body reacts to certain foods .

Try measuring your levels regularly every day and keeping track of the numbers in a log. Also, it may be more helpful to track your blood sugar in pairs for example, before and after exercise or before and 2 hours after a meal.

This can show you whether you need to make small changes to a meal if it spikes your blood sugar, rather than avoiding your favorite meals altogether. Some adjustments include swapping a starchy side for non-starchy veggies or limiting them to a handful.


Checking your blood glucose and maintaining a daily log enables you to adjust foods and medications when necessary to better manage your blood sugar levels.

What Else Can I Do To Help Manage My Blood Sugar Levels

Eating a healthy diet with plenty of fruit and vegetables, maintaining a healthy weight, and getting regular physical activity can all help. Other tips include:

  • Keep track of your blood sugar levels to see what makes them go up or down.
  • Eat at regular times, and dont skip meals.
  • Choose foods lower in calories, saturated fat, trans fat, sugar, and salt.
  • Track your food, drink, and physical activity.
  • Drink water instead of juice or soda.
  • Limit alcoholic drinks.
  • For a sweet treat, choose fruit.
  • Control your food portions .

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What Is Type 1 Diabetes

At the most basic level, diabetesboth type 1 and type 2involve abnormally high levels of blood sugar. Over time, this can lead to serious complications including neuropathy, blindness, as well as heart and kidney diseases.

The causes, though, are different for each diabetes type. Type 2 is driven primarily by environmental factors, such as being overweight or obese and following a high-fat, high-sugar diet. This form of diabetes mostly affects adults.

Type 1 diabetes, formerly called juvenile-onset diabetes, is an autoimmune disease. The body’s own immune system mistakenly destroys the insulin-producing islet cells in your pancreas. Lack of insulin leads to dangerously high blood sugar levels.

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Relation Between Food And Managing Sugar Levels To Control Diabetes

How to Lower Blood Sugar Levels at Home – Diabetes Control Tips

Your body converts the food you eat into sugar . This sugar that circulates in the blood is used for energy and is called blood sugar. Too much sugar in your body has a detrimental effect on your health and causes diabetes a condition characterized by excess sugar in the bloodstream.

Your body breaks down food differently it separately breaks down the protein, fats, carbohydrates and vitamins. Carbohydrates have the highest impact on your blood sugar levels. Carbohydrates are broken down and turn into blood sugar. The more carbs you eat, the more sugar will be released into your bloodstream. Carbs in liquid form are absorbed even quicker thus, it instantly spikes your sugar levels.

So what is a healthy blood sugar range? A blood sugar level less than 140 mg/dL is normal.

But fibre is one such part of carbohydrate that is not turned into sugar hence it helps control the blood sugar levels. Therefore, the food you eat directly impacts the sugar levels, either increasing it quickly or causing a slow, gradual increase.

Continue reading to learn about the 10 diet principles that will guide you on how to maintain sugar levels in your blood through a proper diet.

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Testing And Regulating Blood Sugar

  • 1Ask your doctor how often you should be checking your blood sugar. There’s no set number for how many times a day a diabetic should check their sugar. The number of times you should use your meter is based on your individual needs, so talk to your doctor about it.XTrustworthy SourceMayo ClinicEducational website from one of the world’s leading hospitalsGo to source
  • For instance, if you have type 1 diabetes, your doctor may recommend checking before each meal, as well as before bedtime and before and after exercising.
  • If you have type 2 diabetes, your doctor may decide you don’t need to check it as much. Often, they’ll want you to check it before meals.
  • If you’re on insulin, you may have to check it before you give yourself the shot, as you may need to adjust your insulin intake based on your blood sugar levels for short-acting insulin.
  • 2Test your blood sugar with a blood sugar meter. To test your blood sugar, begin by washing your hands. You’re creating a small puncture wound, so you want to be as clean as possible! Turn your meter on and insert a test strip if that’s how your meter works. Use the lancet to puncture the side of your fingertip, drawing up a drop of blood. Place the drop on the test strip and wait for your meter to read it.XTrustworthy SourceAmerican Diabetes AssociationHealth-based nonprofit focused on preventing and researching diabetesGo to source
  • You can squeeze your finger a bit if you’re not getting enough blood.
  • How To Control Diabetes: 10 Tips To Maintain Blood Sugar Level

    • NDTV Food
    • Diet plays a major role in keeping a control on the blood sugar level
    • Being overweight causes insulin resistance
    • Muscle movement results in the utilization of insulin

    If you have been diagnosed with diabetes and looking for all sorts of ways to keep a check on your blood sugar level,

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    Managing Blood Sugar When Youre Ill

    When you get sick, your blood sugar levels may fluctuate and become unpredictable.

    If you’re sick, it’s very important that you:

    • drink plenty of water or sugar-free fluids
    • check your blood sugar levels more often than usual
    • take 15 grams of carbohydrate every hour if you are not able to follow your usual meal plan
    • replace food with fluids that contain sugar if you can’t eat solid food
    • continue to take your insulin or other diabetes medication

    If you have a cold or flu and want to use a cold remedy or cough syrup, ask your pharmacist to help you make a good choice. Many cold remedies and cough syrups contain sugar, so try to pick sugar-free products.

    As an extra precaution, you should always check with your health-care team about guidelines for insulin adjustment or medication changes during an illness.

    Get A Head Start On Protein

    Prime Global

    Breakfast seems to be a particularly good time to load up on protein. In a study published in April 2015 in the Journal of Nutrition, people with diabetes who ate 25 to 30 grams of protein at breakfast had lower blood sugar spikes after both breakfast and lunch than those who ate less. Reduced-fat cheese and egg whites are excellent , according to the ADA. Other protein-rich ideas for breakfast when you have diabetes include a breakfast burrito, for example. But because people respond differently to different foods, says Champion, its important to keep tracking your blood sugar to see how various breakfast foods affect you specifically.

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    Importance Of Diet In Diabetes

    Much of the food you eat is broken down into sugar , which gets released into the bloodstream. When blood sugar increases, the pancreas, an organ responsible for digestion and blood sugar regulation, releases the hormone insulin. Insulin then helps cells absorb the sugar to be used for energy or stored.

    In diabetes, the body does not produce enough insulin to enable the cells to absorb enough sugar from the blood. Or the body might have enough insulin, but the cells do not respond to it. In both cases, this leads to there being too much sugar in the blood, which, over time can lead to serious health issues, such as vision loss, heart disease, and kidney disease.

    Reducing sugar and other simple carbohydrates in your diet plays an important role in keeping blood sugar levels down, which can slow the progression of the disease and stave off such complications.

    How Do Carbs Affect Blood Sugar

    Carbs in food make your blood sugar levels go higher after you eat them than when you eat proteins or fats. You can still eat carbs if you have diabetes. The amount you can have and stay in your target blood sugar range depends on your age, weight, activity level, and other factors. Counting carbs in foods and drinks is an important tool for managing blood sugar levels. Make sure to talk to your health care team about the best carb goals for you.

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    What Can Make My Blood Sugar Rise

    Hyperglycemia is the technical term for high blood sugar . It happens when the body has too little insulin or when the body can’t use insulin properly. Here are a few of the causes:

    • Too much food, like a meal or snack with more carbohydrates than usual
    • Dehydration
    • Not enoughinsulinor oral diabetes medications
    • Side effects from other medications, such as steroids or anti-psychotic medications
    • Illness, stress, menstrual periods or short or long-term pain

    The good news is, there are things you can do to avoid highsand to treat them when you get them.

    How To Stay In Target

    Diabetes & sports: How to control glucose levels through diet & exercise

    Eating healthy, exercising and taking medication, if necessary, will help you keep your blood sugar levels within their target range. Target ranges for blood sugar can vary depending on your age, medical condition and other risk factors.

    Targets are different for pregnant women, older adults and children 12 years of age and under.

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    Avoid Eating Large Meals

    Jess Craven/Stocksy

    One way to keep carbs under control is by eating in moderation. I always tell my patients to spread their food out over the day, Weisenberger says. Dont eat small meals to save up for a big dinner. Feeding your body throughout the day helps regulate your blood sugar levels and prevents highs and lows, Crandall Snyder says.

    Both Weisenberger and Crandall Snyder say to keep an eye on carbs, even while snacking. Classically, less than 15 g of carbs per snack is a good standard approach, Crandall Snyder says. Thats about whats found in 1 cup of fruit, she says.

    What Causes Low Blood Sugar

    Low blood sugar has many causes, including missing a meal, taking too much insulin, taking other diabetes medicines, exercising more than normal, and drinking alcohol. Blood sugar below 70 mg/dL is considered low.

    Signs of low blood sugar are different for everyone. Common symptoms include:

    • Shaking.
    • Dizziness.
    • Hunger.

    Know what your individual symptoms are so you can catch low blood sugar early and treat it. If you think you may have low blood sugar, check it even if you dont have symptoms. Low blood sugar can be dangerous and should be treated as soon as possible.

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    Beans Peas And Lentils

    Legumes are nutrient dense and have a low glycemic index, making them a great addition to diabetic-conscious meals. Some common legumes are lentils, beans, peas, and chickpeas. Legumes are also high in fiber, which helps keep blood sugar from spiking since the fiber slows the breakdown of the foods. Try making a hearty lentil soup or having a chickpea hummus to dip veggies into.

    Type 1 Diabetes And Low


    Carbohydrates are often made out to be the bad guy in managing type 1 diabetes, but it would be a mistake to think you should avoid them entirely. “That’s a misconception because the main source of energy for humans is carbohydrates,” says Arevalo.

    Carbohydrates provide most of the sugar in your bloodstream, which is why the quantity and quality of the carbs you take in matter.

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    “We advise our patients with type 1 diabetes to carb count, which means learning to calculate the total number of carbohydrates in their meal and providing themselves insulin based on this carb amount,” says Dr. Adimoolam.

    “The less simple sugars a person living with type 1 diabetes has in their meal, the more stable their blood sugar values will be,” she adds. “In general, we encourage our patients with type 1 diabetes to not restrict or limit carbohydrates, but to follow a healthy, balanced diet.”

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