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How To Take Your Blood Sugar

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Easy Ways To Lower Blood Sugar Levels Naturally

How to Test Your Blood Sugar

High blood sugar occurs when your body doesnt make enough or effectively use insulin, a hormone that regulates blood glucose and helps it enter your cells for energy.

High blood sugar is associated with diabetes.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that 13% of U.S. adults live with diabetes, and 34.5% have prediabetes (

This means close to 50% of all U.S. adults have diabetes or prediabetes.

Here are 15 easy ways to lower blood sugar levels naturally:

How To Test Your Blood Glucose

  • Prepare your kit ready for testing.
    This should include: your meter , a test strip to hand , the finger pricker , cotton wool and a monitoring diary to record the results
  • Ensure that the finger pricking device has been loaded with a new lancet
  • Wash and dry your hands to ensure that the result is not influenced by any sugars that may be present on your fingers
    A fuller drop of blood will be obtained if your fingers are warm, so its worth warming your hands up if you can. Be careful not to overheat your fingers so as not to hurt yourself.
  • Put a test strip into your meter
  • Prick your finger with the lancing device at the sides of the finger as there are less nerve ending here than at the tips or the pads.
    Recommended finger: the World Health Organisation recommends the middle or ring fingers are used for blood glucose tests . You may want to avoid using your little finger due to the skin being thin.
    You may need to squeeze your finger a little until blood appears if you find you need to squeeze hard, try pricking a finger again.
  • When blood appears, check the meter is ready and then transfer the blood onto the test strip and wait a few seconds most meters these days provide a result within 10 seconds and often sooner.
  • If the test is unsuccessful, repeat from step 4.
  • If the test is successful, clean any blood off your finger with the cotton wool if necessary
  • Record the result in a monitoring diary
  • FREE blood glucose levels chart

    Structured Blood Glucose Testing

    Structured testing supports your routine or daily testing by giving you deeper, more targeted data to work from. It can help you determine if you’re in a safe range and problem-solve around how the things you do are connected to your blood sugar. You simply perform additional tests over a short period at specific times of day.

    Structured blood glucose testing can help you:

    • Discover how to best use your numbers
    • See how certain activities can affect on your blood sugar levels
    • Problem-solve around highs and lows
    • Identify blood sugar patterns
    • Work with your healthcare team decide if any adjustments are needed in your insulin therapy or other areas of your diabetes management

    Pattern management: If you find that your A1C result is rising in spite of your best efforts, or if you don’t feel as well as you’d like, talk with your healthcare professional about the Accu-Chek 360° View tool. This simple paper tool helps you track your blood sugar over 3 days, so you and your doctor can quickly identify patterns that can guide adjustments to your treatment plan. As a result, you may be able to feel better and lower your A1C.2

    Before-and-after testing: You may also decide to try the Accu-Chek Testing in Pairs tool. This easy-to-use, printable tool helps you see changes in your blood glucose with before-and-after testing. In just 7 days, you can see the effect a specific meal, exercise or other event has on your blood sugar.

    Read Also: What Should Fasting Blood Sugar Be

    What Should I Aim For

    Effective management of diabetes is all about aiming for a careful balance between the foods you eat, how active you are and the medication you take for your diabetes. Because this is a delicate balance, it can be quite difficult to achieve the best possible blood glucose management all the time.

    The ranges will vary depending on the individual and an individuals circumstances. While it is important to keep your blood glucose levels as close to the target range of target range between 4 to 6 mmol/L as possible to prevent complications, it is equally important to check with your doctor or Credentialled Diabetes Educator for the range of blood glucose levels that are right and safe for you. Therefore the following information should be treated only as a general guide.

    Keep Track Of Your Testing Strips

    Woman Taking Blood Sugar Test On White Background Stock ...

    Make sure your strips arent expired. Out-of-date strips arent guaranteed to return true results. Old strips and inaccurate results may affect your daily log of blood glucose numbers, and your doctor may think theres a problem when there really isnt.

    Also, keep the strips out of sunlight and away from moisture. Its best to keep them at room temperature or cooler, but not freezing.

    Read Also: What Happens To Your Body When You Cut Out Sugar

    Correcting High Blood Sugar Levels With Insulin

    If you take insulin, one way to reduce blood sugar is to inject insulin.

    However, be careful as insulin can take 4 hours or longer to be fully absorbed, so you need to make sure you take into account how much insulin you may already have in your body that is yet to be absorbed by the blood. Insulin that is yet to be absorbed by the blood is called active insulin.

    If you decide to correct with insulin, watch you dont over correct as this can lead to hypoglycemia and can be dangerous, particularly so before bed.

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    How To Choose A Blood Glucose Meter

    There are many blood sugar meters to choose from, so start by thinking about what’s most important to you. Ask yourself a few questions.

    • Are you concerned about accuracy? Make sure you’re using a meter and test strips that provide accurate results. Roche quality control processes ensure consistent accuracy. Find out more about our accuracy commitment.
    • Do you use blood glucose results to dose insulin? The Accu-Chek Guide meter sends results directly to a smartphone app that includes an insulin calculator.5
    • Do you feel like you’re always short on time? A system that syncs your data wirelessly, without manually entering results, can save time with every test. You may also want to consider a blood glucose meter that gives results quickly, makes it easier to handle test strips, doesn’t require coding, or simplifies lancing or dosing.
    • Would you like to reduce the pain of testing? Choose a system with a lancing device specifically designed for comfort, such as the Accu-Chek FastClix lancing device. Precision-guided technology minimizes the lancet’s painful side to side motion and thin-gauge, bevel-cut lancets help ensure smoother entry. Plus, 11 customizable depth settings make it easier to get the right amount of blood the first time.
    • Will you track results in the blood sugar meter, with an app or on a computer? Most blood sugar monitors have built-in memories, and many can beam or transfer data directly to your computer or an app on your smartphone, such as the mySugr app.

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    How To Prevent Hyperglycaemia

    There are simple ways to reduce your risk of;severe or prolonged hyperglycaemia:

    • Be careful;what you eat be particularly aware of how snacking and eating;sugary foods;or carbohydrates can affect your blood sugar level.
    • Stick to your;treatment plan remember to take your insulin;or other;diabetes medications as recommended by your care team.
    • Be as active as possible ;getting regular exercise can help stop your blood sugar level rising, but you should check with your doctor first if you’re taking diabetes medication, as some medicines can lead to hypoglycaemia if you exercise too much.
    • Take extra care when you’re ill;;your care team can provide you with some “sick day rules” that;outline what you can do to keep your blood sugar level under control during an illness.
    • Monitor your blood sugar level your care team may suggest using a device to check your level at home so you can spot an increase early and take steps to;stop it.

    Page last reviewed: 08 August 2018 Next review due: 08 August 2021

    How Do I Use A Blood Glucose Monitor

    How to test your blood glucose (sugar) levels

    If your device is new to you, ask your healthcare provider to show you how to set it up and use it. Below are some basic guidelines.

    Self-monitoring blood glucose devices

    SMBG devices come with the same general instructions. To use one properly, youll need a few supplies:;

  • The SMGB device that your provider prescribed to you

  • A corresponding test strip

  • Alcohol wipes

  • A lancet

  • A sharps container for when you dispose of your lancet

  • Start with washing your hands with soap and water. Allow your hands to air dry. Then, wipe the finger you will draw blood from with an alcohol wipe to prevent an infection.;

    After that, prick the tip of your finger with a lancet to draw a little bloodand dont forget to safely dispose of your lancet in your sharps container. The center of your finger has more nerve endings than the sides, so pricking the side of your finger might be less painful. Also note that each monitor may need a different amount of blood. Be sure to read the manual for details.

    Once youve inserted a new test strip into your monitor, touch the appropriate edge of the test strip to your blood and wait as your device reads the sample and displays your results.;

    Continuous glucose monitoring devices

    The setup process for CGM devices will differ depending on which one you are prescribed. For the best results, have your provider or pharmacist show you how to set it up.

    Also Check: What Is Elevated Blood Sugar

    What Causes Blood Sugar To Be High

    Many things can cause high blood sugar , including being sick, being stressed, eating more than planned, and not giving yourself enough insulin. Over time, high blood sugar can lead to long-term, serious health problems. Symptoms of high blood sugar include:

    • Feeling very tired.
    • Having blurry vision.
    • Needing to urinate more often.

    If you get sick, your blood sugar can be hard to manage. You may not be able to eat or drink as much as usual, which can affect blood sugar levels. If youre ill and your blood sugar is 240 mg/dL or above, use an over-the-counter ketone test kit to check your urine for ketones and call your doctor if your ketones are high. High ketones can be an early sign of diabetic ketoacidosis, which is a medical emergency and needs to be treated immediately.

    What Should I Do If My Blood Sugar Gets Too High

    High blood sugar is also called hyperglycemia . It means that your blood sugar level is higher than your target level or over 180. Having high blood sugar levels over time can lead to long-term, serious health problems.

    If you feel very tired, thirsty, have blurry vision, or need to pee more often, your blood sugar may be high.

    Check your blood sugar and see if it is above your target level or over 180. If it is too high, one way to lower it is to drink a large glass of water and exercise by taking a brisk walk. Call your health care team if your blood sugar is high more than 3 times in 2 weeks and you dont know why.

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    How Do I Check Blood Sugar Level

    Checking blood sugar level is very simple thanks to the availability of easy-to-use handheld glucometers. These consumer glucometers have made it very easy to always keep an eye on your blood sugar level. They are an absolute essential for diabetics and also for people trying to maintain their blood glucose level.

    They operate by taking pin-pricks of blood onto a small electrode slip, which when inserted into the device gives a digital readout of the amount of glucose content in the blood. These devices have become extremely popular for their convenience, reliability and accuracy.

    An essential laboratory test of blood glucose level is the Oral Glucose Tolerance Test or OGTT. It is a diagnostic test for DM or any glucose intolerance. Here, a blood sugar reading is taken after a 10-12 hour fast. Then another reading is taken after 2 hours after ingesting a measured amount of glucose. This test shows the bodys ability to absorb glucose, thus is a confirmatory test for DM.

    First Who Should Monitor Their Blood Sugar At Home

    Measuring Blood Sugar

    Not everyone with diabetes needs to monitor their blood glucose at home. However, under a few conditions, your provider may feel that its worth considering:;

    • If you are taking medications that can cause your blood sugar to fluctuate drastically, such as insulin or certain non-insulin diabetes medications

    • If you are pregnant

    • If you tend to experience low blood sugar ;

    • If you have a hard time reaching your goal blood sugar levels

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    Don’t Let Diabetes Stop You From Taking A Vacation

    Lets not forget that you are on vacation, and its time to unwind from your worldly worries and have fun. While it is important to prioritize your blood sugar management, you should not forget the real purpose of your holiday. Do not hold back from having an adventure, checking out new cuisines, and learning about new cultures.

    Download our HealthGuru app and make optimum use of its benefits wherever you are. With our app to guide you and a little bit of proper planning, you can have the best time in the world and worry less about your blood sugar levels.

    How Do I Pick A Glucose Meter

    Your doctor will make a recommendation. Check with your health insurance plan to see if it will pay for your BGM, its supplies, or a CGM. If so, your plan may only pay for a certain meter.

    Shop around and compare costs. Consider what features are important to you. For example, some meters are made for people who have poor eyesight. If you want to pay a little more money, you can get a BGM that stores the results in its memory. This allows you to compare results from several days at one time.

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    What Are The Signs & Symptoms Of Low Blood Sugar

    Different people may feel low blood sugar levels differently. People with low blood sugar may:

    • feel hungry or have “hunger pains” in their stomach
    • feel shaky or like they’re trembling
    • have a rapid heart rate
    • feel sweaty or have cold, clammy skin
    • have pale, gray skin color
    • have a headache
    • have seizures or convulsions
    • lose consciousness

    If you have diabetes, try to remember how your body reacts when your blood sugar levels are low. It may help you figure out when you’re having a low blood sugar level more quickly the next time.

    How Much Does Blood Sugar Increase After Eating

    How to Measure Your Blood Sugar – Mayo Clinic Patient Education

    At this time the blood sugar level can reach 7.8 mmol/L in a healthy individual.

    After the half-hour mark, the blood glucose level starts to fall as the sugar is absorbed from the blood into the cells of the body.

    Its important to check your normal blood sugar level 1 hour after eating. For example, if you find that your blood sugar is 160 mg/dL after the meal, this equates to 8.9 mmol/L which means your blood sugar is high. Its an indication that you may need to seek medical treatment to control your blood sugar level.

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    How To Treat Low Blood Sugar

    If you think you have low blood sugar, be sure to check it.

    Keeping your blood sugar levels on target as much as possible can help prevent or delay long-term, serious health problems. While this is important, closely managing your blood sugar levels also increases your chance for low blood sugar . Blood sugar below 70 mg/dL is considered low. If you think you have low blood sugar, check it. If you arent able to check it, go ahead and treat it.

    Untreated low blood sugar can be dangerous, so its important to know what to do about it and to treat it immediately.

    How To Test Your Blood Sugar

    Whether you test several times a day or only once, following a testing routine will help you prevent infection, return true results, and better monitor your blood sugar. Heres a step-by-step routine you can follow:

  • Wash your hands with warm, soapy water. Then dry them well with a clean towel. If you use an alcohol swab, be sure to let the area dry completely before testing.
  • Prepare a clean lancet device by inserting a clean needle. This is a spring-loaded device that holds the needle, and its what youll use to prick the end of your finger.
  • Remove one test strip from your bottle or box of strips. Be sure to close the bottle or box completely to avoid contaminating the other strips with dirt or moisture.
  • All modern meters have you insert the strip into the meter before you collect blood, so you can add the blood sample to the strip when its in the meter. With some older meters, you put the blood on the strip first, and then put the strip in the meter.
  • Stick the side of your fingertip with the lancet. Some blood sugar machines allow for testing from different sites on your body, such as your arm. Read your devices manual to make sure youre drawing blood from the correct place.
  • Wipe off the first drop of blood, and then collect a drop of blood on the test strip, making sure you have an adequate amount for a reading. Be careful to let only the blood, not your skin, touch the strip. Residue from food or medication may affect the tests results.
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