Thursday, May 23, 2024

How To Test For High Blood Sugar

Popular Articles

Urine Test For Blood Sugar

How to Test Your Blood Sugar

Urine does not normally contain glucose. The kidneys filter our blood, keeping substances the body needs, while getting rid of waste products. Your kidneys constantly reabsorb glucose so that it doesn’t enter your urine. However, if the glucose level goes above a certain level, the kidneys can’t reabsorb all of the glucose. This means that some glucose will ‘spill’ through the kidneys into the urine.

A simple dipstick test can detect glucose in a sample of urine. In a dipstick test a doctor or nurse uses a special chemical strip which he/she dips into a sample of your urine. Colour changes on the strip show whether there is glucose in the urine sample. If you have glucose in your urine, you are likely to have diabetes.

However, some people have kidneys that are more ‘leaky’ and glucose may leak into urine with a normal blood level. Therefore, if your urine contains any glucose, you should have a blood test to measure the blood level of glucose to confirm, or rule out, diabetes.

How Often Should I Check My Blood Sugar

The number of times that you check your blood sugar will depend on the type of diabetes that you have and the type of medicine you take to treat your diabetes. For example, people who take insulin may need to check more often than people who do not take insulin. Talk with your health care team about how often to check your blood sugar.

The common times for checking your blood sugar are when you first wake up , before a meal, 2 hours after a meal, and at bedtime. Talk with your health care team about what times are best for you to check your blood sugar.

Dont Miss: How To Make Hummingbird Feed With Sugar

High Blood Sugar Causes

Diabetes mellitus is one of several persistent conditions causing high blood sugar levels. For someone with diabetes, hyperglycemia has many possible causes:

  • Carbohydrates: Eating food containing too many carbohydrates, a form of sugar. The body of a person with diabetes cannot process high levels of carbohydrates fast enough to convert it into energy. Blood sugar levels in patients with diabetes can rise within hours after eating.
  • Insulin control: Not producing enough insulin action . People with diabetes must control blood sugar by a combination of dietary discretion, taking medication, and physical activity. When food, exercise, and insulin are not balanced, blood sugar levels rise.
  • Stress: Emotions can play a role in causing hyperglycemia, but should not be used as an excuse for poor control of diabetes.
  • Low levels of exercise: Daily exercise is a critical contributor to regulating blood sugar levels.
  • Infection, illness, or surgery: With illness, blood sugar levels tend to rise quickly over several hours.
  • Other medications: Certain drugs, especially steroids, can affect blood sugar levels.

Ketoacidosis is life-threatening and demands immediate treatment.

Symptoms include:

Don’t Miss: How Many Grams Of Sugar Should Diabetics Have Per Day

Key Nutrients For Blood Sugar Balance: Protein Fat Fiber

Just because carbohydrates and sugar spike your blood sugar doesnt mean you have to avoid them all the time. The best way to balance out your blood sugar is to pair your higher-carb foods and sugar with protein, healthy fats and ideally fiber. When you pair carbohydrates with protein or fat, the rate that the sugar or carbs are absorbed is slowed, making it easier on your blood sugar, according to Shapiro. When you look at your plate, the goal is to balance the ratio of carbs with healthy protein and fat so you know that your blood sugar wont spike too high, which can result in a crash or dramatic dip later.

Does Drinking Water Affect Blood Sugar Test

How to monitor blood sugar, Health News

Drinking water before a fasting blood sugar test can actually decrease blood sugar levels, or at least prevent levels from getting too high. Water allows more glucose to be flushed out of the blood. When youre dehydrated, it means your overall blood volume is lower than normal, but your sugars will be the same.

You May Like: How To Take Care Of Low Blood Sugar

You May Like: How Much Sugar In Fruit

Ask Your Doctor How Often You Should Be Checking Your Blood Sugar

Blood sugar control is crucial when youre living with type 2 diabetes. Dips and spikes can not only make you feel cranky and sluggish, but they can also wreak havoc on your personal health.

The most serious effects of blood sugar swings are a higher risk for diabetes-related health complications such as stroke, heart disease, and nerve damage .

For the record, the American Diabetes Association notes that you have diabetes if one of the following applies to you:

  • Your blood glucose after fasting is 126 milligrams per deciliter or higher.
  • Your blood glucose two hours after eating a meal is 200 mg/dl or higher.
  • Your hemoglobin A1C is 6.5 or higher.

The tricky part is that with type 2 diabetes you may not feel it when blood sugar levels are too high, according to the ADA. It feels different for everyone. Not everyone will have the same symptoms, and some individuals will have no symptoms at all, says Lori Zanini, RD, CDE, a Los Angelesbased former spokesperson for the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

Because blood sugar management is so important to your overall health with type 2 diabetes, you need to take action if you think your levels may be out of control, even if youre feeling totally fine.

Know Your Blood Sugar

Blood sugar is the amount of sugar in your blood at a given time. Its important to check your blood sugar level, because it will:

  • determine if you have a high or low blood sugar level at a given time
  • show you how your lifestyle and medication affect your blood sugar levels
  • help you and your diabetes health-care team make lifestyle and medication changes to improve your blood sugar levels

Dont Miss: Why Would Blood Sugar Go Up Without Eating

Read Also: Is No Sugar Added Good For Diabetics

How Does High Blood Sugar Affect The Body

Monitoring your blood sugar is essential if you have diabetes. Symptoms will get worse if treatment is not provided, and serious health complications can arise as a result. The signs of high blood sugar to look for include fatigue, blurred vision, and headaches along with:

  • Frequent urination and thirst: Excess sugar in the blood is passed through the kidneys and into urine. This draws more water into the urine which means more frequent urination. High glucose levels cause thirst even when you are drinking enough fluids.
  • Weight loss: Elevated blood sugar levels over time can lead to unexplained weight loss as a result of cells not getting the glucose they need. As a result, they start burning fat instead.
  • Numbness: High blood sugar can cause tingling and numbness in the extremities. It is important to note that this is a complication of long-term diabetes and uncontrolled blood sugar levels.

What Factors Affect Blood Sugar

How to Test Your Blood Sugar

You can guess that carbohydrate intake and insulin production are at least partly responsible for your blood sugar levels. But the list is much longer — almost every lifestyle choice you make can affect your blood sugar. Here’s just a partial list.

  • Exercise can affect insulin sensitivity, leading to lower blood sugar for up to 48 hours.
  • Alcohol intake increases insulin production, causing low blood sugar.
  • Stress hormones like cortisol can raise blood sugar, because your body wants access to energy in order to escape what it perceives as a dangerous situation.
  • Medications, especially statins and diuretics, can raise blood sugar. Statins are used to treat cholesterol, and diuretics for high blood pressure.
  • Diet is a major player in blood sugar. Eating too many simple carbs at once can cause levels to skyrocket, while protein intake leads to a slower increase in blood sugar.
  • Dehydration raises blood sugar, because with less water in your body the glucose concentration will be higher.

Other surprising factors can affect your blood sugar, like a sunburn or gum disease, so if you’re dealing with a blood sugar issue and can’t figure out what’s causing your spikes and dips, talk to a healthcare professional.

Also Check: Can I Watch Queen Sugar On Netflix

What Are Blood Sugar Targets

A blood sugar target is the range you try to reach as much as possible. These are typical targets:

  • Before a meal: 80 to 130 mg/dL.
  • Two hours after the start of a meal: Less than 180 mg/dL.

Your blood sugar targets may be different depending on your age, any additional health problems you have, and other factors. Be sure to talk to your health care team about which targets are best for you.

Want To Test Your Blood Sugar Without Pricking Your Finger Continuous Glucose Monitors Make This A Reality

Continuous glucose monitors make diabetes self care a whole lot easier! Being able to test blood sugar without pricking your finger can be a quality of life improvement when living with diabetes.

Fingersticks can be inconvenient and uncomfortable. And yet, in order to make treatment decisions and get the full picture with your diabetes, you have to do a lot of them. Continuous glucose monitors provide another option. Research shows that wearing a continuous glucose monitor can improve your A1C values and reduce your low blood sugars.

Also Check: What Is The Best Blood Sugar Level

How To Get Tested

Most tests require blood samples.

There are various tests your doctor may perform if you have symptoms of high or low blood sugar, including a random blood sugar test, a fasting blood sugar test or an oral glucose tolerance test.

The most common test for diagnosis of diabetes is the fasting blood glucose test, where your blood glucose levels are checked after fasting for between 12 and 14 hours. Glucose tolerance tests are usually given when your results from the fasting blood glucose test are borderline.

During a glucose tolerance test a high glucose drink is given and blood samples are taken regularly over the next 2 hours to check your blood glucose levels. Depending on the results, your doctor is able to determine if you have diabetes, or are at risk of developing diabetes in the future.

Checking Your Blood Sugar

Proven Tips &  Strategies To Bring High Blood Sugar Down (Quickly ...
  • 1Purchase a glucose testing kit. You can find these at pharmacies or most big box stores. You will also need matching testing strips to go with your monitor, so make sure your kit has some or purchase some separately.
  • You may also need to purchase needle tips for your lancing device if the kit doesn’t have them.
  • Check to see if the kit needs batteries or has them already.
  • Keep in mind that some kits may require a prescription, and they may be expensive without one. However, they’re available over-the-counter in some areas for as low as $10.
  • 2Wash your hands with warm soap and water. You need to prick your skin, and you don’t want to introduce bacteria. Wash your hands for at least 20 seconds before rinsing off the soap completely.XTrustworthy SourceAmerican Diabetes AssociationHealth-based nonprofit focused on preventing and researching diabetesGo to source
  • Dry your hands well on a clean towel.
  • If you’re not near a place where you can wash your hands, use hand sanitizer or rub your finger with a rubbing alcohol wipe.
  • 3Insert a testing strip into the glucose monitor. The strip should indicate which way it goes in the monitor. If you’re not sure how to do it, read the instructions that came with your monitor.XTrustworthy SourceMayo ClinicEducational website from one of the world’s leading hospitalsGo to source
  • Some older glucose monitors may require that you place a drop of blood on the strip before pushing it into the machine.
  • Don’t Miss: Where Can I Purchase Sugar Balance

    Is There Anything Else I Should Know About A Blood Glucose Test

    If you have diabetes, you may need to do blood sugar testing at home every day to help manage your blood glucose levels. There are two ways to do this:

    • Blood glucose meters require you to prick your finger with a small device called a lancet. You apply a drop of blood to a test strip and insert it into a small, electronic glucose meter, which measures the glucose is in your blood.
    • Continuous glucose monitors use a tiny sensor that you insert under your skin. Every few minutes, the sensor measures glucose levels in fluids between your cells. If your glucose is too high or too low, you use a blood glucose meter to check your blood levels before making changes to raise or lower your glucose level.

    What Can I Expect On The Day Of The Test

    A fasting blood glucose test is often done with a common blood draw. A healthcare provider will:

    • Clean the area inside your elbow to kill any germs.
    • Tie a band around your upper arm, which will help the veins in your arm fill with blood.
    • Insert a clean needle into a vein .
    • Draw blood into a vial thats attached to the needle and labeled with your personal information.
    • Remove the band and then the needle.
    • Put pressure on the needle insertion site to stop the bleeding.
    • Place a bandage on the area.

    After the test, the healthcare provider will send the blood sample to a lab for testing.

    In some cases, your healthcare provider may be able to test your blood sugar with a prick on the finger instead of a needle in the vein. The provider uses a blood glucose monitor and test strip to measure your blood glucose level in the office.

    Recommended Reading: When To Check Blood Sugar

    How To Check Blood Sugar Without A Meter

    Diabetes is a chronic condition where the body either doesnt make enough insulin or doesnt use insulin properly or both. This can lead to a higher than normal blood sugar level.

    Uncontrolled blood sugar levels can lead to complications, such as:

    For these reasons, its important to monitor your blood sugar if you have diabetes.

    Prior to using meters, people with diabetes would monitor their blood sugar by testing their urine. This method, however, wasnt as accurate, nor did it provide real-time results.

    If you self-test your blood sugar several times a day using a glucometer, or meter, it requires that you prick your finger to draw blood to test. Due to the discomfort of this method, you might look for a way to monitor your level without this tool.

    If finger pricks are very bothersome for you, dont worry theres hope. Advances in blood sugar monitoring technology could mean no more finger pricks in the future.

    If you have diabetes, there are several portable devices you can use to check your blood sugar level and not all of them require a finger prick.

    What Is The Future Of Blood Sugar Testing

    How to Check Your Blood Sugar

    Even though you can monitor blood sugar level with glucometers and CGMs, the future might provide additional ways to manage your diabetes.

    • Multiple waves:Researchers have been studying and experimenting with new technologies. For example, some adults with type 2 diabetes in Europe have access to a device that can measure blood sugar using ultrasonic, electromagnet, and thermal waves.
    • Radio waves: Other advances on the horizon involve using radio waves to measure blood sugar .
    • Tears: Additionally, some researchers are working on a sensor to monitor blood sugar under the lower eyelid . It works by measuring the sugar level of tear fluid.
    • Contacts and lasers: Other future technologies might possibly include using a smart contact lens to measure blood sugar, as well as laser technology.

    You May Like: How To Lower Blood Sugar Levels Fast

    Stick To Your Medication And Insulin Regimen

    Skipping a dose of medication or insulin can be harmful to your body and increase your blood sugar levels.

    Its important to stick to your treatment plan and follow your doctors instructions for taking your medication.

    Summary

    Healthful lifestyle habits can help people manage their blood sugar levels over the long term, such as eating a balanced diet, getting regular exercise, staying hydrated, and getting good sleep.

    Best Ways To Lower Blood Sugar Quickly

    When treated early, you can bring high blood sugar levels down and prevent complications, including DKA.

    Some sources suggest that drinking water or eating a high protein snack can quickly lower your blood sugar levels, though there isnt enough research to support this.

    If you have high blood sugar and need to lower it fast, try the following methods:

    Recommended Reading: How To Get Rid Of Sugar Ants In Car

    How To Lower Blood Sugar Levels Fast

    While some sources claim that consuming water or a high-protein snack can help you lower your blood sugar levels quickly, there isnt enough evidence to back this up. You need to contact your doctor immediately.

    However, if you need to lower your blood sugar quickly and effectively in an emergency, you can use the following ways:

    What Are The Symptoms Of Dangerous Levels Of Blood Sugar

    Sinocare Anwen No Coding Required Blood Glucose Monitor with Test ...

    A patient with high blood sugar presents the symptoms such as a dry mouth, fatigue, dry, and itchy skin and an increased appetite. Some people also experience being more thirsty and increased frequency of urination, especially at night.

    If not corrected early it can lead to symptoms of dangerous levels of blood sugar like difficulty in breathing, dizziness, rapid weight loss and confusion of mind. Blood sugar level of 300 or above is dangerous and if not treated a condition known as diabetic ketoacidosis or diabetic coma can occur.

    You May Like: Will Cider Vinegar Lower Blood Sugar

    Related news