Saturday, April 20, 2024

How To Treat Low Sugar Levels

Popular Articles

What Are Clinical Trials For Low Blood Glucose

How To Treat Low Blood Glucose Levels

Clinical trialsand other types of clinical studiesare part of medical research and involve people like you. When you volunteer to take part in a clinical study, you help doctors and researchers learn more about disease and improve health care for people in the future.

Researchers are studying many aspects of low blood glucose levels in diabetes, such as

  • how to diagnose and treat low blood glucose among people with diabetes
  • medicines that can treat symptoms of low blood glucose in people with hypoglycemia unawareness
  • educational approaches to reduce fear of low blood glucose, which can make it harder for you to control your diabetes

When You Have Low Blood Sugar

First, eat or drink 15 grams of a fast-acting carbohydrate, such as:

  • Three to four glucose tablets
  • One tube of glucose gel
  • Four to six pieces of hard candy
  • 1/2 cup fruit juice
  • 1 cup skim milk
  • 1/2 cup soft drink
  • 1 tablespoon honey

Fifteen minutes after you’ve eaten a food with sugar in it, check your blood sugar again. If your blood sugar is still less than 70 mg/dL, eat another serving of one of the foods listed above. Repeat these steps until your sugar becomes normal.

Helping Someone With Low Sugar

  • 1See if the person is responsive. If the person is responsive, then you can give them 15-20 grams of quick carbohydrates. If they have passed out due to low sugar, then you cannot give them sugar via food and drink. If they have a glucagon kit, you can administer an injection. If you are unable to administer the injection, call emergency services immediately.
  • Do not try to give someone food and drink if they are unconscious. This could cause them to choke.
  • Never inject insulin when a person has low blood sugar. That could put a person in a coma, which may lead to death.XTrustworthy SourceAmerican Diabetes AssociationHealth-based nonprofit focused on preventing and researching diabetesGo to source
  • 2Call emergency services if there is no glucagon kit. If you can’t locate the glucagon kit or can’t figure out how to use it, call emergency services immediately. If they do have a glucagon kit, administer it and care for the person before calling for medical services, or have someone else call while you administer the kit.
  • 3Get their glucagon kit. Glucagon kits are only available by prescription, so you’ll only be able to use it if the person has one. The glucagon will help with the release of glucose in the bloodstream, bringing blood sugar levels back up.XTrustworthy SourceAmerican Diabetes AssociationHealth-based nonprofit focused on preventing and researching diabetesGo to source
  • Choose the easiest to reach injection spot, unless otherwise directed by the instructions.
  • You May Like: What Is High Blood Sugar For Type 1 Diabetes

    Key Points About Hypoglycaemia

  • Hypoglycaemia needs to be treated right away to prevent the risk of unconsciousness.
  • Treatment is to have 10 to 15g of a quick-acting carbohydrate immediately, then retest your glucose level in 10 minutes. If it is above 4 mmol/L, have a carbohydrate snack . If it is still below 4 mmol/L, repeat the glucose and retest in 10 minutes.
  • If you have type 1 diabetes, low blood glucose can occur due to having too much insulin or not enough food.
  • If you have type 2 diabetes, you should only be at risk of hypoglycaemia if you are taking insulin or sulphonylurea tablets for your diabetes and miss or delay your meal.
  • With both type 1 or type 2 diabetes, if you are getting hypos often talk to your GP, nurse or diabetes specialist.
  • It is recommended that people with diabetes wear a medical alert bracelet this can alert people you may have hypoglycaemia if you are unable to ask for help.
  • Severe hypoglycaemia is a medical emergency. Call 111 and ask for an ambulance if someone has a blood glucose level less than 4 mmol/l and any one of the following:
    • is extremely drowsy or disorientated
    • is having a convulsion .

    What Are The Causes Of Hypoglycaemia

    How to Deal With Low Blood Sugar (Hypoglycemia)

    The usual causes of low blood glucose level are:

    • not eating enough carbohydrate with your meal, eg, steak and salad with no carbohydrate such as bread/potato/kumara/rice/pasta
    • missing or delaying a meal
    • doing physical activity without either reducing your insulin or taking more carbohydrate before, during or after physical activity
    • taking too much insulin
    • drinking alcohol in excess or without taking carbohydrate food and/or reducing your insulin.

    Recommended Reading: How Often Should I Test My Blood Sugar

    Further Tips After A Hypoglycaemic Episode

    • Don’t exercise for the rest of the day after a severe hypoglycaemic episode.
    • After a severe hypo your blood glucose needs to be checked more often. Checking your blood glucose level more often will help you know if your blood glucose level is dropping again.
    • Try and work out why you had the low blood glucose.
    • Did you do more exercise or more intense exercise than usual?
    • Did you forget that you had taken insulin or diabetes tablets, and take another dose?
    • Did you inject into a new area or an area that warmed up with exercise and absorbed more quickly?
    • Was there not enough carbohydrate in your last meal?
    • Is there a particular time of day that hypoglycaemia occurs for you?
  • Tell your doctor and diabetes educator that you have had hypoglycaemia, especially if it was severe or is happening more often. Your insulin or diabetes medication may need to be adjusted.
  • Wear or carry some form of identification, such as a MedicAlert medical ID, to indicate that you have diabetes and are taking insulin or sulphonylureas.
  • Act Quickly To Treat The Situation

    If you suspect you have low blood sugar, Dr. Fruge recommends quickly treating the situation, which she says should include “eating healthy foods such as complex carbohydrates, beans or fruit.”

    “At the Pritikin Longevity Center we serve a cup of fruit with a cup of veggies to prevent a spike in insulin, which can sometimes lead to a later drop in blood sugar again,” she explains. “Adjusting your diabetes medication as prescribed by your physician may also be necessary. It’s important to retest your blood sugar 20 minutes after eating to confirm it has improved.”

    Keep a fast-acting carbohydrate snack or two on hand in case your blood sugar dips below healthy levels.

    Also Check: Is 81 Blood Sugar Low

    Get A Handle On Stress

    Getty Images

    When youre stressed out, your blood sugar tends to rise, Crandall Snyder says. According to the Diabetes Teaching Center at the University of California in San Francisco, when youre stressed, insulin levels fall, certain hormones rise, and more glucose is released from the liver, which ends up in the blood stream and can cause disruptions for up to eight hours.

    How can you burn off tension? Yoga and meditation can help people lower their blood sugar levels, Weisenberger says. A December 2014 study published in the Journal of Physical Therapy Science involving 27 nursing students and found a combination of yoga and meditation practiced for one hour once a week led to reduced levels of stress and lower blood glucose levels after 12 weeks.

    Crandall Snyder also suggests taking a few deep breaths, going for a walk, playing with your dog for a few minutes, or listening to a fun song. Basically whatever you can do to distract yourself for a few minutes and just lower your breathing rate will help, she says. Indeed, the CDC notes that less water in your body is liked with a higher blood sugar concentration.

    Also Check: Eye Transplant For Diabetic Retinopathy

    Keep Asking Questions Until You Get The Answer You Need

    What Is Hypoglycemia And How To Treat Low Blood Sugar Symptoms

    The Medical Experts are all here to answer your questions online or with a phone call.

    Other disorders like adrenal insufficiency, thyroid disorder, pituitary disorder, kidney disease, pancreatic, liver disease, liver tumor, and pancreatic tumor also increase the risk of low blood sugar.

    In America, people are vulnerable to low blood sugar because of using too many sugars, tobacco, alcohol, and caffeine.

    Low blood sugar can happen when you have a high level of stress. Stress makes the body release adrenaline that stimulates the production of glucose. It is a reason why a highly-stressful lifestyle may lead to the recurrence of low blood sugar issues.

    Read also: Top 47 Natural Home Remedies For Kidney Failure

    II Symptoms Of Low Blood Sugar

    If you notice the early signs of low blood sugar like numbness, trembling, nausea, headache, blurred vision, painful eyes, dizziness, irritability, insomnia, heart palpations, fatigue, rapid heartbeats, anxiety, and sweating, you can treat it soon and properly.

    However, if the blood sugar levels are 70 ml/dl, you cannot notice any previous symptoms.

    When the blood sugar levels reach the dangerous abnormal levels, the brain function is affected. And you can see the serious symptoms such as confusion, behavioral changes, drowsiness, coma, and seizures.

    Therefore, it is important for you to consult your doctor soon if you notice any serious symptoms of the low blood sugar.

    Also Check: What Does 5.7 Blood Sugar Mean

    Work With Your Health Care Team

    Most people with diabetes get health care from a primary care professional. Primary care professionals include internists, family physicians, and pediatricians. Sometimes physician assistants and nurses with extra training, called nurse practitioners, provide primary care. You also will need to see other care professionals from time to time. A team of health care professionals can help you improve your diabetes self-care. Remember, you are the most important member of your health care team.

    Besides a primary care professional, your health care team may include

    Causes Of Blood Sugar Levels

    Whilst the liver and muscles produce some glucose, most comes from the foods we eat. Food and drinks that are high in carbohydrates are most impactful on blood sugar level. What we eat provides us most of the nutrients our body needs and sometimes, does not need. That is not to say that food is a major cause of blood sugar level increasing or decreasing too dramatically.

    Typically, if a person has health conditions or poor nutrition, this will lead to a spike or decline in blood sugar level. The causes differ from high to low blood sugar levels and are as follows:

    Don’t Miss: How To Reduce Sugar In The Body

    What If The 15

    If you dont feel better after three tries, or if your symptoms get worse, call your healthcare provider or 911. Healthcare providers can use a medication called glucagon. They inject it with a needle or squirt it up your nose. Glucagon is also available for home use. Your healthcare provider can prescribe it and teach a family member or friend how to use it in the event of severe hypoglycemia.

    Check Your Blood Sugar Often

    Preventive Diabetes: how to control low blood sugar home remedies

    Talk with your provider about when you should check your blood sugar every day. People who have low blood sugar need to check their blood sugar more often.

    The most common causes of low blood sugar are:

    • Taking your insulin or diabetes medicine at the wrong time
    • Taking too much insulin or diabetes medicine
    • Taking insulin to correct high blood sugar without eating any food
    • Not eating enough during meals or snacks after you have taken insulin or diabetes medicine
    • Waiting too long after taking your medicine to eat your meals
    • Exercising a lot or at a time that is unusual for you
    • Not checking your blood sugar or not adjusting your insulin dose before exercising
    • Drinking alcohol

    You May Like: How To Use Cinnamon To Lower Blood Sugar

    Consequences Of Blood Sugar Levels

    Whilst most symptoms of low and high blood sugar levels are mild, they can worsen if left untreated and sometimes have long term consequences and/or complications. Overtime, a high blood sugar level is what can cause consequences. Lack of treatment can cause severe damage to the blood vessels and lead to complications such as:

    • Damage to the eyes and/or loss of vision
    • Nerve problems in the feet leading to infections

    To avoid long term consequences and complications, it is advised to take all precautionary measures and treat your blood sugar level so that it can be maintained at your ideal reading. So do so, follow all treatment methods, stay on track with checking your level daily and seeking help if symptoms persist.

    If you have any more questions, here are a few of the most frequently asked questions which may answer your concerns:

    How Does Blood Sugar Level Work

    With a lack of nutrients and food that contain glucose, the blood sugar level will begin to decline. This is known as hypoglycemia.

    After blood sugar becomes low, the pancreas releases a peptide hormone called glucagon. When this happens, the glucose that is stored in the body for energy is instructed to release due to the liver. This causes the glucose to turn into glycogen, known as the glycogenesis process. This is what can help a body to regain energy as the readily stored glycogen, in the liver and muscles, will release into the body.

    On the other hand, the blood sugar can also rise and become too high which is known as hyperglycemia.

    When the body does not produce enough of the insulin hormone, blood sugar levels begin to increase. This is because glucose relies on the insulin hormone to help it absorb into the bloodstream. Usually, this occurs when the body cannot produce enough insulin, known as type 1 diabetes, or does not respond to insulin correctly, known as type 2 diabetes.

    Eating too many processed foods can also cause your blood sugar level to rise. If there is not enough insulin present in the body, too much bad food can cause your blood sugar level to build up.

    For those with a normal blood sugar level, this will be due to eating the right foods and your body being able to produce and respond to insulin.

    You may be wondering what exactly causes an imbalance in blood sugar levels, so here is a roundup:

    Also Check: How Much Sugar Is In Jim Beam Honey

    What Causes Low Blood Sugar Levels In Diabetics

    One of the causes of low blood sugar is diabetes mellitus, especially if you are taking insulin. Other diabetes medications can also lead to low blood sugar.

    This includes a group of medications called sulfonylureas, like glibenclamide and gliclazide. This also includes glinide medications, such as repaglinide and nateglinide.

    Other causes of low blood sugar in diabetics include the following:

    • Delaying or skipping meals

    How Can I Be Better Prepared For Hypoglycemia

    Treating Low Blood Sugar

    You can take some steps to be ready for hypoglycemia:

    • Be aware of the symptoms and treat them early.
    • Carry some fast-acting carbs with you all the time.
    • Check your glucose levels frequently, especially around meals and exercise.
    • Inform family, friends and co-workers so they know what do if you need help.
    • Talk to your healthcare provider regularly to make and update your plan.
    • Wear a medical bracelet that lets people know you have diabetes. Carry a card in your purse or wallet with instructions for hypoglycemia.

    A note from Cleveland Clinic

    Hypoglycemia is quite common in people with diabetes. If not treated, it can cause troubling symptoms, and even serious health problems. Fortunately, you can avoid hypoglycemic episodes by monitoring your blood sugar. You can also make small adjustments to eating and exercising routines.

    Also Check: Can You Have Any Sugar On Keto

    Treatment For Severe Hypoglycaemia

    In cases of severe hypoglycaemia the person cannot treat themselves, and needs the help of someone else. Call triple zero for an ambulance immediately.

    If the person can’t swallow or follow instructions do not give them any treatment by mouth.

    If you are trained in how to prepare and inject glucagon and feel comfortable injecting it, then this can be administered.

    Ambulance paramedics have the resources to manage severe hypoglycaemia.

    Stick To Your Medication And Insulin Regimen

    Skipping a dose of medication or insulin can be harmful to your body and increase your blood sugar levels.

    Its important to stick to your treatment plan and follow your doctors instructions for taking your medication.

    Summary

    Healthful lifestyle habits can help people manage their blood sugar levels over the long term, such as eating a balanced diet, getting regular exercise, staying hydrated, and getting good sleep.

    Also Check: What To Do If Blood Sugar Low

    Symptoms Of A Low Blood Sugar Level

    A low blood sugar level can affect everyone differently. You’ll learn how it makes you feel, although your symptoms may change over time.

    Early signs of a low blood sugar level include:

    • a fast or pounding heartbeat
    • becoming easily irritated, tearful, anxious or moody

    If a low blood sugar level is not treated, you may get other symptoms, such as:

    • unusual behaviour, slurred speech or clumsiness
    • seizures or fits
    • collapsing or passing out

    A low blood sugar level, or hypo, can also happen while you’re sleeping. This may cause you to wake up during the night or cause headaches, tiredness or damp sheets in the morning.

    Treating An Episode Of Hypoglycaemia

    Pin on Controlling Your Blood Sugar

    The immediate treatment for hypoglycaemia is to have some sugary food or drink to end the attack.

    For example, this could be:

    • a glass of fruit juice or non-diet soft drink
    • between three and five dextrose tablets
    • a handful of sweets

    At first you should avoid fatty foods and drinks, such as chocolate and milk, because they don’t usually contain as much sugar and the sugar they do contain may be absorbed more slowly.

    After having something sugary, you should have a longer-acting carbohydrate food, such as a few biscuits, a cereal bar, a piece of fruit or a sandwich.

    It will usually take around 15 minutes to recover from a mild episode of hypoglycaemia. If you have a blood glucose meter, measure your blood sugar again after 15 to 20 minutes. If it’s still too low , you should have some more sugary food or a drink before testing your levels again in another 15 to 20 minutes.

    When treating someone else with hypoglycaemia, if the above treatment isn’t effective, you may be able to help them by applying glucose gel to the inside of their cheeks, and gently massaging the outside of their cheeks.

    It may take 10 to 15 minutes before they feel better. This shouldn’t be done if the person is drowsy or unconscious because of the risk of choking.

    Read Also: Does High Blood Sugar Make You Sweat

    Related news