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What Are The Effects Of Sugar On The Body

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Sugar Is A Leading Contributor To Obesity In Both Children And Adults

How sugar affects the brain – Nicole Avena

The way sugar affects hormones and the brain is a recipe for fat gain disaster.

It leads to decreased satiety and can get people addicted so that they lose control over their consumption.

Not surprisingly, people who consume the most sugar are by far the most likely to become overweight or obese. This applies to all age groups.

Many studies have examined the link between sugar consumption and obesity and found a strong statistical association .

The link is especially strong in children, where each daily serving of sugar-sweetened beverages is associated with a whopping 60% increased risk of obesity .

One of the most important things you can do if you need to lose weight is to significantly cut back on sugar consumption.

Effects Of Too Much Sugar Result In Weight Gain

One of the first effects of too much sugar on the body is to result in weight gain. With a lot of sugary beverages and products, people are very easy to suffer from obesity.

According to a study in The Lancet in 2001, a high intake of drinks sweetened with sugar is related to obesity in children. Moreover, a study in IJO in 2006 also confirmed the role of beverages sweetened with sugar in increasing the chance of getting obesity.

In fact, the empty calories in this sweet substance inhibit the cells from burning fat and increase your insulin levels and mess with your metabolism. All those above factors are in charge of gaining weight. A sugary diet will cause the body to produce a type of enzyme called lipoprotein lipase that encourages the body to accumulate food in fat cells.

In addition, sugar also has the ability to suppress satiety and increase ghrelin, the hunger hormone. Therefore, you will eat more, mainly carbohydrate-rich foods that result in the accumulation of fat in the belly. This will lead to an increased risk of diabetes and heart disease.

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May Increase Your Risk Of Heart Disease

High-sugar diets have been associated with an increased risk of many diseases, including heart disease, the number one cause of death worldwide .

Evidence suggests that high-sugar diets can lead to obesity and inflammation as well as high triglycerides, blood sugar, and blood pressure levels all of which are risk factors for heart disease .

Additionally, consuming too much sugar, especially from sugar-sweetened drinks, has been linked to atherosclerosis, a disease characterized by fatty, artery-clogging deposits .

A study in over 25,877 adults found that individuals who consumed more added sugar had a greater risk of developing heart disease and coronary complications compared to individuals who consumed less added sugar .

Not only does increased sugar intake increase cardiovascular risk, but it can also increase risk of stroke .

In the same study, more than eight servings per week of sugar-sweetened beverages were associated with increased stroke risk .

Just one 12-ounce can of soda contains 39 grams of sugar, which equates to 8% of your daily calorie consumption, based on a 2,000-calorie diet .

This means that one sugary drink a day can bring you close to the recommended daily limit for added sugar.

Summary

Added sugar consumption increases heart disease risk factors such as obesity, high blood pressure, and inflammation. High-sugar diets have been linked to an increased risk of heart disease.

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Because It Causes Massive Dopamine Release In The Brain Sugar Is Highly Addictive

Sugar can be addictive for a lot of people.

Like abusive drugs, sugar causes a release of dopamine in the reward centre of the brain .

The problem with sugar and many junk foods is that they can cause massive dopamine release much more than we were ever exposed to from foods found in nature .

For this reason, people who have a susceptibility to addiction can become strongly addicted to sugar and other junk foods .

The everything in moderation message may be a bad idea for people who are addicted to junk food because the only thing that works for true addiction is abstinence.

Improves Your Oral Health

This Infographic Shows What Eating Too Much Sugar Does to Your Body And ...

A sweet tooth can get you into trouble if you’re not careful about removing the sugar that sticks to your teeth. Over time, bacteria in your mouth can break down the sugar to produce an acid. This acid gradually destroys the surface of your teeth, causing dental cavities. Too much bacteria can also lead to infected or inflamed gums, resulting in gum disease.8

Reducing the amount of added sugar in your diet to less than 10% of your total calories each day can reduce your risk of developing cavities, as recommended by the WHO.9

Regardless of your sugar intake, you should practice good oral hygiene by flossing daily, brushing your teeth twice daily with a fluoride toothpaste, and visiting a dentist at least once a year.10

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Eat Foods That Support Blood Sugar

Low glycemic, high fiber foods along with protein and healthy fats can help stabilize blood sugar and increase satiety.

Low blood sugar can make you irritable and hangry. By focusing on meals and snacks rich in protein and fat, youll avoid blood sugar crashes. Consider fresh veggies and guacamole, hard-boiled eggs, almond butter or a handful of mixed nuts and seeds. Amino acids found in lean protein like turkey may support mood symptoms from sugar withdrawal.

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What Foods High In Protein Are Good For Type 2 Diabetes

The American Diabetes Association recommends lean proteins low in saturated fat for people with diabetes. If youre following a vegan or vegetarian diet, getting enough and the right balance of protein may be more challenging, but you can rely on foods like beans , nuts and nut spreads, tempeh, and tofu to get your fix, notes the Cleveland Clinic. Just be sure to keep portion size in mind when snacking on nuts, as they are also high in fat and calories, according to Harvard Health. The American Heart Association counts a small handful of whole nuts as one serving. If you opt for unsalted almonds, 1.5 ounces will provide 258 calories and nearly 23 g of fat, per estimates from the U.S. Department of Agriculture .

Meanwhile, processed or packaged foods should be avoided or limited in your diabetes diet because, in addition to added sugars and processed carbohydrates, these foods are often high in sodium, according to the AHA. Getting too much sodium in your diet can increase your blood pressure and, in turn, the risk of heart disease or stroke, notes Harvard Health. And heart disease and stroke are two common complications of diabetes, according to the Mayo Clinic. Its important to keep your blood pressure in check when managing diabetes.

Best options, according to the ADA:

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Best options , per the ADA and the NIDDK:

  • Wild or brown rice

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What Is A Substitute For Maple Sugar

Maple sugar is a type of unrefined sugar that is made by evaporating the sap of maple trees. It has a strong, sweet flavor that is quite different from traditional sugar. As such, there is no replacement that has exactly the same flavor.

That being said, there are a few options when looking for a substitute for maple sugar.

For baking, brown sugar is the most popular maple sugar replacement. Brown sugar has a similar color and has a similar, yet slightly milder, flavor. Molasses is also an option, though its flavor is more intense and less sweet than that of maple sugar.

Honey is another option for baking. Its flavor is closer to that of maple sugar and its extra sweetness can help add richness to cakes and other baked goods.

If youre looking for a way to sweeten beverages or other non-baked dishes, granulated sugar is the closest substitute. Granulated sugar has the same sweetness level as maple sugar, though it is a bit more bland in terms of flavor.

For a more interesting flavor, try substituting unrefined sugars like coconut sugar or Demerara sugar. Though they are still more muted in flavor than maple sugar, they do have a more complex flavor than plain granulated sugar.

Is Bodyarmor Effective For Weight Loss

What Does Sugar Actually Do To Your Body?

There isnt enough research available to say whether BodyArmor is effective for weight loss. As mentioned above, there are conflicting results regarding its effectiveness. However, it does contain two natural zero-calorie ingredients that might be helpful for weight loss.

That said, the key to weight loss is making healthy choices throughout the day. You shouldnt rely on just one product to lose weight. Instead, try using BodyArmor as part of a balanced diet plan.

There are many reasons why regular BodyArmor isnt the best choice for weight loss.

  • It has 90 calories per 12-ounce bottle.
  • It uses high fructose corn syrup, which is linked to obesity.
  • It doesnt contain any fiber, which means it wont keep you feeling full.
  • It doesnt provide any protein, which means it wont build muscle mass.
  • It doesnt contain additional vitamins or minerals, which means it wont give you energy.
  • It doesnt contain electrolytes, which means it wont hydrate you properly.
  • It doesnt contain antioxidants, which means it wont protect against free radicals.
  • And finally, it doesnt contain caffeine, which means it won t boost your metabolism.

So, if you really want to lose weight, try drinking water instead of soda. Or better yet, switch to a low-carbohydrate diet. Youll find plenty of recipes online that fit the bill.

Weight management depends primarily on your overall calorie balance , not on any single food or drinks consumed.

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How Many Carbs Can You Eat If You Have Diabetes

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , theres no one-size-fits-all carb target for people managing diabetes. Ultimately, the amount depends on factors such as your age, weight, and activity level.

As a general rule, though, people with diabetes ought to get about one-half of their daily calories from carbs. To identify your daily carb need, multiply 50 percent by your daily calorie target. For example, if you eat 2,000 calories a day, aim to consume about 1,000 calories of carbs in food and drink. Because the CDC says 1 gram of carbs provides 4 calories, you can divide the calories of carbs number by 4 to get your daily target for grams of carbs, which comes out to 250 g in this example. For a more personalized daily carb goal, its best to work with a certified diabetes care and education specialist or a registered dietitian to determine a goal that is best for you.

How To Reduce Your Sugar Intake

Excessive added sugar has many negative health effects.

Although consuming small amounts now and then is perfectly healthy, you should try to cut back on sugar whenever possible.

Fortunately, simply focusing on eating whole, unprocessed foods automatically decreases the amount of sugar in your diet.

Here are some tips on how to reduce your intake of added sugars:

  • Swap sodas, energy drinks, juices, and sweetened teas for water or unsweetened seltzer.
  • Drink your coffee black or use a natural alternative for a healthier option.
  • Sweeten plain yogurt with fresh or frozen berries instead of buying flavored, sugar-loaded yogurt.
  • Consume whole fruits instead of sugar-sweetened fruit smoothies.
  • Replace candy with a homemade trail mix of fruit, nuts, and a few dark chocolate chips.
  • Use olive oil and vinegar in place of sweet salad dressings like honey mustard.
  • Choose marinades, nut butter, ketchup, and marinara sauce with zero added sugars.
  • Look for cereals, granola, and granola bars with under 4 grams of sugar per serving.
  • Swap your morning cereal for a bowl of rolled oats topped with nut butter and fresh berries, or an omelet made with fresh greens.
  • Instead of jelly, slice fresh bananas onto your peanut butter sandwich.
  • Use natural nut butter in place of sweet spreads like Nutella.
  • Avoid alcoholic beverages that are sweetened with soda, juice, honey, sugar, or agave.
  • Shop the perimeter of the grocery store, focusing on fresh, whole ingredients.

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Can Cause Weight Gain

Rates of obesity are rising worldwide and added sugar, especially from sugar-sweetened beverages, is thought to be one of the main culprits.

Sugar-sweetened drinks like sodas, juices and sweet teas are loaded with fructose, a type of simple sugar.

Consuming fructose increases your hunger and desire for food more than glucose, the main type of sugar found in starchy foods .

Additionally, excessive fructose consumption may cause resistance to leptin, an important hormone that regulates hunger and tells your body to stop eating .

In other words, sugary beverages dont curb your hunger, making it easy to quickly consume a high number of liquid calories. This can lead to weight gain.

Research has consistently shown that people who drink sugary beverages, such as soda and juice, weigh more than people who dont .

Also, drinking a lot of sugar-sweetened beverages is linked to an increased amount of visceral fat, a kind of deep belly fat associated with conditions like diabetes and heart disease .

Summary

Consuming too much added sugar, especially from sugary beverages, increases your risk of weight gain and can lead to visceral fat accumulation.

Inflammation Throughout The Body

The Harmful Effects of Sugar on the Human Body

Sugar can cause inflammation throughout the body, which can lead to other health issues. Individuals with arthritis in particular may experience increased inflammation with highly processed sugar consumption, leading to increased pain. The inflammation can also affect the collagen and elastin that keeps your skin looking young and supple. Young, healthy skin generally repairs itself from damage caused by UV rays and other damaging factors to prevent premature aging. Sugar is different. It causes cross-links to form in amino acids near the skin, which interferes with the natural repair process. This could increase the appearance of premature aging in the skin through wrinkles or sagging.

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Reasons Why Too Much Sugar Is Bad For You

Sugar is fine for you in small amounts, but too much can lead to weight gain, acne, type 2 diabetes, and can increase your risk of several serious medical conditions.

From marinara sauce to peanut butter, added sugar can be found in even the most unexpected products.

Many people rely on quick, processed foods for meals and snacks. Since these products often contain added sugar, it makes up a large proportion of their daily calorie intake.

In the United States, the average adult consumes an estimated 17 teaspoons of added sugar each day . That accounts for 14% of total calorie intake in adults following a 2,000-calorie diet.

Experts believe that sugar consumption is a major cause of obesity and many chronic diseases, such as type 2 diabetes .

Thats why dietary guidelines suggest limiting calories from added sugar to less than 10% per day (

Stress Eating Begets Stress

Sweets can lower levels of the stress hormone cortisol in the near term, research shows. But continue OD’ing on sugary refined carbs and your risk of insulin resistance, which stresses the body from the inside, goes up. To find your calm, sweat instead: “Exercise is the best treatment for stress. It makes you feel good and reduces cortisol,” says Dr. Lustig.

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How Much Sugar Can We Eat

The government recommends that free sugars sugars added to food or drinks, and sugars found naturally in honey, syrups, and unsweetened fruit and vegetable juices, smoothies and purées should not make up more than 5% of the energy you get from food and drink each day.

This means:

  • Adults should have no more than 30g of free sugars a day, .
  • Children aged 7 to 10 should have no more than 24g of free sugars a day .
  • Children aged 4 to 6 should have no more than 19g of free sugars a day .
  • There’s no guideline limit for children under the age of 4, but it’s recommended they avoid sugar-sweetened drinks and food with sugar added to it. Find out more about what to feed young children.

Free sugars are found in foods such as sweets, cakes, biscuits, chocolate, and some fizzy drinks and juice drinks. These are the sugary foods we should cut down on.

For example, a can of cola can have as much as 9 cubes of sugar more than the recommended daily limit for adults.

Sugars also occur naturally in foods such as fruit, vegetables and milk, but we do not need to cut down on these types of sugars.

Be aware that these are included along with free sugars in the “total sugars” figure that you’ll see on food labels.

Find out more about nutrition labels and sugar for help on how to tell the difference.

Sugar Turns To Fat If Not Used

What Does Sugar Do To Your Body? 10 Proven Negative Effects of Sugar

When we eat more sugar than our body can use for immediate energy then it has no choice but to turn it into fat.

Glucose is a type of sugar used almost immediately for energy. Glucose goes directly into the bloodstream and signals the pancreas to pump insulin. When there is too much glucose, the body stores it as fat.

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