Thursday, June 16, 2022

What Do I Do If Blood Sugar Is Too High

How To Bring Down The Blood Sugar Level Quickly

10 Alarming Signs Your Blood Sugar Is Too High

When level of blood sugar is dangerous, you need to bring it down quickly, to avoid further complications. When trying to lower down the sugar level quickly, be very careful, as the level can drop down too low, which can also be dangerous. Extremely low blood sugar levels is termed as hypoglycemia, which is equally common in diabetics. Hence, maintaining the blood sugar levels within the normal range is essential.

Few ways to bring down the level of blood sugar quickly include,

  • Drink lot of water: Excess water dilutes the blood sugar and help to pass it out through urine. This way the sugar level drops down.
  • If suffering from kidney or heart problem avoid this solution and follow medical advice.
  • Exercise: Vigorous exercise increases heart rate. Increased heart rate for more than 15 minutes can increase the insulin response. This can help to bring down the level of blood sugar quickly.
  • High protein snack: Protein helps in stabilizing the sugar level. Always check the high protein snack is not high in sugar level. Cheese and almond can be a good option.
  • Insulin administration: Insulin helps in lowering down the sugar level quickly. Therefore a doctors advised dose can be taken. Never miss checking the sugar level after insulin administration, to prevent hypoglycemia.

All the above solutions prove to be very helpful to quickly bring down the sugar level. Always keep a handy snack when trying these tips to help, in case the sugar level dips too low.

Also Read:

Problems Associated With High Blood Sugar

Frequent high blood pressure puts patients at risk of diabetes complications that can be potentially serious. Even when blood sugar does not reach acutely dangerous levels, complications can develop over time if blood sugar is consistently above a patients target range. Serious conditions and complications associated with high blood glucose include:

  • Damage to the blood vessels of the eyes
  • Nerve damage in the feet and hands
  • Increased risk of kidney disease
  • Increased risk of heart problems like heart disease

Depending on the type of diabetes a patient has, there are two different extreme forms of hyperglycemia as well. Ketoacidosis is severe hyperglycemia that impacts people with type 1 diabetes. Ketoacidosis occurs when the body runs out of glucose and begins to use ketones, a type of toxic acid, for energy. Ketoacidosis can lead to diabetic coma or even death, and it is extremely serious. Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Syndrome is a severe form of hyperglycemia that impacts people with Type 2 diabetes. It occurs when the blood glucose level goes too high and the body tries to rid itself of the excess glucose through frequent urination. If the body becomes dehydrated enough, it can go into a coma.

Managing Your Diabetes Devices

If you are using an insulin pump, talk to your diabetes team about how to best manage hyperglycemia. In general, be sure to check your pump first. Make sure all parts are connected and working correctly. Check your bolus history and temporary basal rate. Also check your insulin to make sure it has not expired or gotten too warm.

If you use a CGM, try not to react to it too often. You might be tempted to give another dose of insulin too soon, before the first one finishes working, which is known as stacking insulin this can cause low blood sugar .

Don’t Miss: How To Reduce Blood Sugar Level Immediately

Scared Of Getting Diabetes

According to the Journal of Geriatric Cardiology , the type of diet that Dr. Doyle recommends is highly beneficial for preventing and treating type 2 diabetes.

For people accustomed to SAD standard American diet the idea of the whole food, plant based diet will seem impossible.

If preventing and treating type 2 diabetes is as simple as adhering to a particular diet, why dont more mainstream medical doctors push this approach?

Its because medical school spends only a few hours on nutrition, and only in the general sense.

During internships and residencies at hospitals, medical doctors are essentially trained in only diagnostics, drugs and surgery.

Type 2 diabetes is usually treated with diet and exercise alone, yes, but the patient is typically only told to watch sugar intake or cut back on fast food, rather than told to keep intake of animal and processed products under 10 percent.

FoodTherapyMD is the brainchild of Dr. Mitchell Doyle and recognizes that phytonutrients, the substances that make plant food so amazing, can be tailored to fight specific disease states.
Lorra Garrick has been covering medical, fitness and cybersecurity topics for many years, having written thousands of articles for print magazines and websites, including as a ghostwriter. Shes also a former ACE-certified personal trainer.

When Your Blood Sugar Gets Low

What To Do When Blood Sugar Is High

Check your blood sugar whenever you have symptoms of low blood sugar. If your blood sugar is below 70 mg/dL, treat yourself right away.

1. Eat something that has about 15 grams of carbohydrates. Examples are:

  • 3 glucose tablets
  • One half cup of fruit juice or regular, non-diet soda
  • 5 or 6 hard candies
  • 1 tablespoon or 15 mL of sugar, plain or dissolved in water
  • 1 tbsp of honey or syrup

2. Wait about 15 minutes before eating any more. Be careful not to eat too much. This can cause high blood sugar and weight gain.

3. Check your blood sugar again.

4. If you do not feel better in 15 minutes and your blood sugar is still lower than 70 mg/dL , eat another snack with 15 g of carbohydrates.

You may need to eat a snack with carbohydrates and protein if your blood sugar is in a safer range over 70 mg/dL and your next meal is more than an hour away.

Ask your provider how to manage this situation. If these steps for raising your blood sugar do not work, call your doctor right away.

You May Like: How To Lose Blood Sugar

Don’t Miss: What Happens To Diabetics When Sugar Is Too Low

How Do I Check For Ketones

There are two ways to check for ketones:

  • Step 7
  • Do not touch the test end of the strip.
  • Dip the test end of the strip into the cup of fresh urine.
  • Take it out right away.
  • Remove extra urine by drawing it along the rim of the cup.
  • Exactly 15 seconds after dipping it in the urine, compare the ketone strip with the color chart on the bottle of ketone strips.
  • If you have ketones, follow these instructions.
  • Ketone strip storage

    • Keep ketone strips at room temperature between 59° and 86° F. Keep them out of direct sunlight.
    • Step 8 After opening the first time, write the date on the bottle.
    • Always put the lid back on right away after opening.
    • Do not keep them in the bathroom because the moisture could ruin the strips.
    • Throw the ketone strips away 6 months after first opening if they are not gone.
    • Do not use them after the expiration date. Call your pharmacy for a refill.

    Steps to check for blood ketones:

  • Gather the supplies:
  • Wash and dry your hands.
  • Take the blood ketone strip out of the foil wrapper.
  • Put a test strip into meter and it will turn on.
  • Use a small needle, called a lancet, to poke your finger. Get a drop of blood on your fingertip.
  • Touch the window of the test strip to the drop of blood on your finger. The test strip sucks the drop of blood into the strip.
  • In a few seconds, your blood ketone reading will show on the screen of the meter.
  • When To Seek Medical Attention In An Emergency

    For people with type 1 diabetes, untreated high blood sugar can lead to a life-threatening condition called diabetic ketoacidosis, or DKA.

    When there is no insulin and glucose cant get into cells, your body starts breaking down fat into a fuel called ketones. If ketones build up in your blood, it becomes dangerously acidic. DKA can cause very serious health complications such as fluid building up in the brain, kidney failure, and cardiac arrest.

    If your blood sugar is above 240 mg/dL, you should check your urine for ketones, a sign you may be at risk for DKA. You can do this with an at home test, but you also should contact your doctor. If there are ketones in your urine, you should go to the emergency room. Other symptoms of DKA include:

    • Increased respiratory rate, or trouble breathing
    • Breath that smells fruity
    • Nausea and vomiting
    • A very dry mouth

    In rare occasions, DKA can occur in people with type 2 diabetes, but the more common complication for people with type 2 is called hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state, or HHS. HHS occurs when blood glucose levels are high for an extended period of time. The extra sugar is passed into the urine, causing the person to urinate frequently and become severely dehydrated, just like with DKA.

    For people with type 2 diabetes, blood sugar above 600 mg/dL indicates HHS. Other symptoms include:

    • Confusion

    Read Also: Causes Of High Glucose Levels

    High Blood Sugar Symptoms

    If you have diabetes, you probably know the common signs of high blood sugar. However, many people with diabetes do not recognize the warning signs of this disease. They may be unaware that their urine, bowel movements, and thirst are abnormal. If you do not know how to spot these symptoms, you should talk to a doctor. Listed below are the most common signs of high blood sugar:urmtoarele are some common symptoms. You can call 911 if you are experiencing any of these problems.

    You may become extremely thirsty, especially if you are eating a heavy meal. You may also experience unusual fatigue. Your kidneys will work overtime to eliminate the extra glucose, which can lead to dehydration. Frequent urination is another sign of high blood sugar, and the resultant increased thirst can be exhausting. These symptoms can also lead to dizziness and irritability. If you suspect you might have a condition, it is best to call your doctor as soon as possible.

    You may be required to monitor your blood glucose levels at home to determine whether you have hyperglycemia. Depending on your type of diabetes, you may be advised to visit your doctor if you notice any of the above symptoms. Your health care team will prescribe a medication or a diet that will lower your risk of developing diabetes. In children, occasionally, an episode of hyperglycemia occurs during growth spurts.

    Correcting High Blood Sugar Levels With Insulin

    Is my blood sugar too high? Too low? Do I need to go to the ER?

    If you take insulin, one way to reduce blood sugar is to inject insulin.

    However, be careful as insulin can take 4 hours or longer to be fully absorbed, so you need to make sure you take into account how much insulin you may already have in your body that is yet to be absorbed by the blood. Insulin that is yet to be absorbed by the blood is called active insulin.

    If you decide to correct with insulin, watch you dont over correct as this can lead to hypoglycemia and can be dangerous, particularly so before bed.

    You May Like: Yogurt With The Least Sugar

    Instant Remedial Solutions For Quickly Bringing Down Raised Up Blood Sugar Levels

    There are times when blood sugar levels are uncontrollably raised up. To cope up with the situation, you must be ready with some instant solutions to revert back your raised up blood sugar levels to normal again and get immediate relief.

    1. Drink plenty of water whenever there is an increase in blood sugar levels, the very first and foremost thing is to keep the body perfectly hydrated. If you are suffering from Hyperglycemia but not drinking plenty of water, there are high chances that you will be lying on the hospital bed in the near future. There is a subtle physiological phenomenon behind this.

    When the body is dehydrated, the vasopressin hormone is released by the hypothalamus whose function is to prevent loss of water from the body. Vasopressin causes kidneys to retain fluids as a result of which body cannot flush out excess of sugar through urine. Now, this sugar has to reside in our body within our bloodstream. Moreover, vasopressin stimulates the liver as well to release sugar into the blood thereby making the situation even worse.

    Hence, make sure to keep yourself fully hydrated in case of increased blood sugar.

    2. Exercising a little can help a lot even a light exercise done for a short time interval can instantly lower down your blood sugar to an appreciable extent.

    Types Of High Blood Sugar

    There are two different main types of high blood sugar or hypoglycemia. Fasting hyperglycemia is measured when the patient has not eaten for at least eight hours. Patients with a blood glucose level higher than 130 milligrams per deciliter are considered to have fasting hyperglycemia. Postprandial hyperglycemia, or reactive hyperglycemia, occurs after eating. In patients with postprandial hyperglycemia, the liver does not stop producing sugar as it normally would after a meal, and it stores the extra sugar. A blood glucose level over 180 mg/dL, taken one to two hours after eating, is considered reactive hyperglycemia.

    Don’t Miss: Which Cells Produce Hormones To Regulate Blood Sugar

    What About High Blood Sugar

    There are even more factors that can make you feel tired when you have high blood sugar from eating the wrong TYPE or AMOUNT of foods.

    When your blood sugar goes too high, your kidneys are working overtime to eliminate the excess of glucose and sugar from your blood. This makes you tired in 2 major ways:

  • First, you lose energy because you are overworking your kidneys, and
  • Secondly, you will urinate much more often, therefore you will be dehydrating, and this will make you feel drowsy, tired and sluggish.
  • What Are The Causes Of High Blood Sugar

    Low Blood Sugar Symptoms

    Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas. It helps in moving glucose from the digested food to the cells to be used as energy. High blood sugar can occur if the body does not have enough insulin. There are various conditions that affect the insulin function, thus resulting in high blood sugar. Some of the causes that contribute to high and even dangerous levels of blood sugar include the following,

    • If a diabetic person misses taking the diabetes medication.
    • Overeating, especially the food rich in carbohydrates.
    • Lack of exercise or physical activity
    • Infection or certain illnesses that cause the blood sugar to rise quickly.
    • Intake of Certain medications such as steroids that affect sugar levels.
    • Excessive and prolonged stress

    You May Like: High Glucose Side Effects

    When To See A Doctor

    According to the University of Michigan, blood sugar levels of 300 mg/dL or more can be dangerous. They recommend calling a doctor if you have two readings in a row of 300 or more.

    See your doctor if you have consistently high blood sugar levels. Symptoms of this include:

    • increased thirst
    • high levels of sugar in urine

    Ask your doctor how often to check your blood sugar and about your ideal blood sugar levels.

    If you dont currently see a doctor who specializes in diabetes, known as an endocrinologist, you can find one by searching the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists website.

    You can find a certified diabetes educator by visiting the American Diabetes Associations website and searching by zip code.

    Summary

    Talk to your doctor if you have consistently high blood sugar readings or symptoms of chronic hyperglycemia.

    Checking your blood sugar and then treating hyperglycemia early will help prevent any complications.

    Health problems can arise when someone has high blood sugar regularly and without treatment.

    Examples of complications include:

    • nerve damage, called diabetic neuropathy, that may affect sensations in the feet and hands
    • diabetic retinopathy, or damage to the blood vessels in the eyes that affects vision
    • increased risks for kidney problems
    • increased risks for heart problems

    Taking steps to keep your blood sugar at target levels can help to minimize the likelihood that these complications will occur.

    Manage Your Carb Intake

    Your body breaks carbs down into sugars , and then insulin helps your body use and store sugar for energy.

    When you eat too many carbs or have insulin-function problems, this process fails, and blood glucose levels can rise.

    However, there are several things you can do about this.

    The American Diabetes Association recommends managing carb intake by counting carbs and being aware of how many you need .

    Some studies find that these methods can also help you plan your meals appropriately, further improving blood sugar management (

    The recommended daily intake of fiber is about 25 grams for women and 38 grams for men. Thats about 14 grams for every 1,000 calories .

    Summary

    Eating plenty of fiber can help with blood sugar management. Soluble dietary fiber is the most effective.

    Read Also: Which Cells Produce Hormones To Regulate Blood Sugar

    High Blood Sugar Causes

    You may be thinking that hyperglycemia can happen just from eating a super-sugary food, but its not really as simple as that. Sure, eating a lot of sugar or carbs can elevate your blood sugar level, but thats typically when your pancreas kicks into gear and creates insulin to move that glucose into cells throughout the body.

    But when someone has diabetes, this finely tuned system gets thrown out of whack. In type 2 diabeteswhich accounts for 90% to 95% of diabetes in adults, according to the CDCthe body either cant make enough insulin or cant utilize insulin well, according to the NIDDK. If someone has prediabetes, their blood glucose will be higher than normal but not quite in the type 2 diabetes range yet, per the NIDDK. And in type 1 diabetes, the body does not make insulin or makes very little.

    In any case, the result is extra sugar hanging around the bloodstream, making you feel like total crap in the short term and putting your health at risk in the long term.

    Popular Articles
    Related news