How Is Type 2 Diabetes Treated
The goal in treating type 2 diabetes is to control blood sugar levels by keeping them in your target range. Lifestyle changes, such as losing weight and being more active, are the first steps to get blood sugar under control. But you may also need to take a diabetes medicine , which helps decrease the body’s resistance to insulin and help insulin work better in the body.
Diabetes often gets worse over time. And when it does, diabetes medicines don’t work as well. Insulin can help people with type 2 diabetes keep their blood sugar under control. Sometimes your doctor may recommend insulin because of other health problems, such as kidney complications.
Hhs Alternately Is A Non
Determination of electrolytes levels is important to identify life-threatening conditions that the overconcentration in the blood produces in HHS and DKA. Then when there is additional excretion by the kidneys to compensate, the lost water makes the concentration of some solutes even higher. Therefore, testing of the following are indicated:
- Serum and urine ketones
- Serum sodium, potassium, chloride, bicarbonate, and other electrolytes
- ECG/EKG: Acidosis/over concentrated states resulting in electrolyte abnormalities severely impact cardiovascular status, necessitating an electrocardiogram to determine whether support for cardiac issues is warranted
- Infection can convert a well-controlled diabetic into an hyperglycemic state, so diagnostic tests for infection, such as bacterial cultures, blood counts, and chest X-rays, are indicated
Telling the difference between HHS and DKA as the cause of coma and diagnosing the types of electrolyte problems that occur allow for a rational approach to rapid treatment, which is necessary to avoid death.
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Can High Levels And Dka Be Prevented
These two problems don’t sound like much fun, so you’re probably wondering how to prevent them. The solution is to keep your blood sugar levels as close to normal as possible, which means following your diabetes management plan. Checking your blood sugar levels several times a day will let you and your parents know when your blood sugar level is high. Then you can treat it and help prevent DKA from happening.
What else can you do? Wear a medical identification bracelet that says you have diabetes. Then, if you are not feeling well, whoever’s helping you even if the person doesn’t know you will know to call for medical help. And the doctors will be able to get you better more quickly if they know you have diabetes. These bracelets also can include your doctor’s phone number or a parent’s phone number. The quicker you get the help you need, the sooner you’ll be feeling better!
How Will Diabefly Help People With Borderline Diabetes Or Prediabetes
Diabefly is great for people with borderlines diabetes or prediabetes. Every year 15% people with prediabetes progress to diabetes. But with the right care at the right time, you can halt the progression of the condition. Understanding the effects of your diet and lifestyle on your blood sugar levels can help you make targeted changes in your routine, thus keeping your HbA1c levels under control. This not only delays the onset of diabetes but could potentially keep you off of medicines for longer.
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Is Hyperglycaemia Serious
The aim of diabetes treatment is to keep blood sugar levels as near to normal as possible.
But if you have diabetes, no matter how careful you are, you’re likely to experience hyperglycaemia at some point.
It’s important to be able to recognise and treat hyperglycaemia, as it can lead to serious health problems if left untreated.
Occasional mild episodes are not usually a cause for concern and can be treated quite easily or may return to normal on their own.
But hyperglycaemia can be potentially dangerous if blood sugar levels become very high or stay high for long periods.
Very high blood sugar levels can cause life-threatening complications, such as:
- diabetic ketoacidosis a condition caused by the body needing to break down fat as a source of energy, which can lead to a diabetic coma this tends to affect people with type 1 diabetes
- hyperosmolar hyperglycaemic state severe dehydration caused by the body trying to get rid of excess sugar this tends to affect people with type 2 diabetes
Regularly having high blood sugar levels for long periods of time can result in permanent damage to parts of the body such as the eyes, nerves, kidneys and blood vessels.
If you experience hyperglycaemia regularly, speak to your doctor or diabetes care team.
You may need to change your treatment or lifestyle to keep your blood sugar levels within a healthy range.
Guide To Hospital Stays
If you experience some difficulties managing your diabetes or other health conditions, or you have an accident, you may need to go to the emergency department for assistance or be admitted to the hospital. If this happens, it can help to know what to expect and what questions to ask the health-care team you meet to ensure you are well cared for. It is also important to know what your rights and responsibilities are in these situations.
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What Happens After 3 Months Of The Program
Our program is aimed at making you self-sufficient by building healthy habits and changing your lifestyle over the course of 3 months. At the end of the program, you could re-enrol for the same or a lighter version of the program for continued support. We also advise that every person with diabetes or prediabetes should enrol for Diabefly every 6 months or as advised by their doctor/ coach.
Your Blood Sugar Count
A blood sugar count over 1000 is way beyond healthy, normal levels, even for a diabetic. Normal blood glucose levels are within a range of 70 to 100. A consistent reading over 125 may be indicative of diabetes. Levels as high as 200 to 500, let alone 1000, can pose a serious risk to the body.
A blood sugar count shows the level of glucose in the blood. It is important to try and keep levels as normal as possible, especially for diabetics. They will naturally increase after eating as carbohydrates are broken down and glucose is made available as a source of energy. Other factors such as severe stress, the use of corticosteroids or other medications, a heart attack or stroke can all cause a spike in blood glucose as well.
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Blood Glucose Monitoring Fact Sheet
This fact sheet is available in two formats.
You can download and print out the PDF version.
Or you can read it as a website page below.
Regularly checking your blood glucose levels can help you manage your diabetes. Your diabetes health professionals can help you with information and advice about blood glucose monitoring.
Regular monitoring can help you see the effects of food, exercise, medication and illness on your blood glucose levels. It can also help you identify any patterns or changes that you should discuss with your doctor or diabetes health professionals.
Personal Stories About Considering Insulin
These stories are based on information gathered from health professionals and consumers. They may be helpful as you make important health decisions.
My mom had diabetes. She had to give herself insulin shots, and it looked so messy and painful. I swore that it would never happen to me. Well, for 8 years now I’ve had type 2 diabetes. I feel like I’ve done everything I can at this point. I don’t really want to start insulin, but it’s more important to me that I stay as healthy as I can. I am going to try the inhaled insulin.
Jeff, age 48
A few years ago my doctor said I had type 2 diabetes. But I didn’t feel any different, so I didn’t do anything. Then a few months ago, my doctor reminded me what could happen if we couldn’t get my blood sugar under control. I got scared. So I’ve been eating better and checking my blood sugar, and so far, it’s working. My numbers are holding. I’m going to keep it up and see what happens.
When I found out I had diabetes, I really got motivated. I started walking every day, tried eating better, and lost about 40 pounds. And I took a diabetes medicine. I was able to control my blood sugar for many years before it started creeping back up. Now I’m still pretty healthy, but my levels are out of control. Taking insulin is the next step.
Shannon, age 67
Mike, age 58
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Guide To Being Hospitalized
Being admitted to the hospital, whether its planned or an emergency, can be stressful. Preparation beforehand will help ensure your diabetes is well managed throughout your stay.
First and most importantly, be knowledgeable about your own health and your own needs. Be prepared to speak up clearly and concisely when you are confused or worried about anything that is happening. Being prepared with up-to-date information about your medical history will help you feel less anxious. It will also help the hospital staff take better care of you, and hopefully have you on the mend and on your way home as soon as possible.
Nerve Damage And Lower Limb Complications
Progressive damage to your nervous system caused by diabetes is called diabetic neuropathy. It can lead to a loss of feeling in your hands and feet. Reduced circulation from high blood glucose can affect normal wound healing in your extremities. That means minor damage can linger and develop into permanent injury. Personal daily foot checks and thorough annual foot examinations conducted by your doctor or podiatrist will help to reduce your risk of lower limb complications.
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When To Seek Emergency Care
Its important to measure your blood sugar if you experience any unusual symptoms so that you do not progress to a coma. Diabetic comas are considered emergencies that require prompt medical attention and are treated in a hospital setting. Like symptoms, diabetic coma treatments can vary depending on the cause.
Its also important to help instruct your loved ones on how to respond if you progress to a diabetic coma. Ideally they should be educated on the signs and symptoms of the conditions listed above so that you do not progress this far. It can be a frightening discussion, but its one you need to have. Your family and close friends need to learn how to help in case of an emergency. You wont be able to help yourself once you fall into a coma. Instruct your loved ones to call 911 if you lose consciousness. The same should be done if you experience warning symptoms of diabetic coma. Show others how to administer glucagon in the case of diabetic coma from hypoglycemia. Be sure to always wear a medical alert bracelet so that others know of your condition and can contact emergency services if youre away from home.
Once a person receives treatment, they can regain consciousness after their blood sugar level is normalized.
Low And High Blood Glucose Levels
Fluctuating blood glucose levels in the form of mild hypoglycaemic episodes and slightly elevated blood glucose values are constant companions during insulin therapy. However, in order to prevent hypoglycaemic emergencies in a timely manner, it is important to be aware of your symptoms and treatment options.
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What Is A Diabetic Coma
Diabetic coma is a life-threatening emergency that can happen to you if you have diabetes. In a diabetic coma, youre unconscious and unable to respond to your environment. Youre either suffering from high blood glucose or low blood glucose . You need immediate medical attention if you go into a diabetic coma.
How Are High Blood Sugar Levels Treated
To treat high blood sugar, it helps to know what is causing it. You might need to take more insulin or diabetes pills because you’re growing and eating more food, or you might need to get more exercise each day.
Having high blood sugar levels every once in a while isn’t a big deal. It happens to everyone with diabetes from time to time. But if your blood sugar levels are high a lot, your diabetes health care team will have to help you figure out how to get them back to a healthy level.
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How Must You Act When Your Blood Sugar Level Rises Above 300
- Postprandial blood sugar level should not be more than 140 mg/dl. In case if its more than 300 mg/dl than you are at high risk. There can be some immediate measures to be taken when you observe that the sugar level is not coming down.
- Immediately drink water. It will dilute your blood level and soot down the blood sugar level.
- Exercise on a regular basis. It will help you to control sugar level. In fact, you may take the steps and perform an up-down basis activity. It will lower your abnormal level of blood sugar.
- You must keep a check on what you eat. In fact, hyperglycemia level will prompt you to have a full test on the carbohydrate level. Control your crabs intake and replace it with protein.
- You may take insulin, in case your doctor advises you to do so. In fact, insulin will lower the level of blood sugar.
- Always have a check for ketones in urine. If its above 50 mg/ DL, then you are advised not to exercise.
- If you have crossed 7 hours and still feel that diabetes is not under control, then you must give a call to your doctor or get yourself hospitalized.
- Keep monitor your blood sugar level with the help of glucometer or blood sugar testing machine.
Hyperglycaemia Elevated Blood Glucose
Hyperglycaemia is usually not a critical medical condition. However, it must be borne in mind that high blood glucose levels over the long term can significantly raise the risk of diabetes-related secondary diseases. In addition, hyperglycaemia, if left untreated, can develop into serious complications, ketosis or even diabetes-related ketoacidosis within a few hours or days.
Blood glucose levels tend to rise more quickly following meals and in stressful situations. Hyperglycaemia occurs when the blood glucose level is higher than 200 mg/dL two hours following a meal and other signs, such as increased thirst, urinary urgency, and drowsiness appear simultaneously.
Hyperglycaemia is caused by a lack of insulin. Your diabetes training will teach you how to treat it. Inject yourself with correction insulin in accordance with the hyperglycaemia treatment regimen that you received from your healthcare professional.
- Measure your blood glucose levels at shorter intervals.
- If your blood glucose level continues to rise and you experience severe thirst and/or urinary urgency, then you should perform an acetone test. Special urine or blood test strips are available for this test from your chemist or diabetes supplies dealer.
If the acetone test is positive and there are other signs, such as muscle and abdominal cramps or the smell of acetone , then ketone bodies have formed in your blood . It is now imperative that you do the following:
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Diabetes Prevention Impact Toolkit
larger your blood sugar ranges, the more hemoglobin you may have with sugar connected If your blood sugar is all the time excessive, you may have hyperglycemia, which may happen in people who don t have a good handle on their diabetes If your blood sugar is under regular, it s referred to as hypoglycemia, and this could occur in diabetics if they by accident use an extreme amount of of their medicine.While people who have a family history of sort 1 diabetes may be predisposed to creating it, the inheritance sample in most cases is unclear, according to MedlinePlus If your last diet try wasn t successful, or life events have brought on you to realize weight, don t be discouraged The secret is to discover a plan that works together with your body s individual wants so as to keep away from common food plan pitfalls and discover long term, weight loss success.