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What Happens When Your Sugar Is High

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S To Normal Blood Sugars

What a High Blood Sugar Feels Like

So as you can see having very high blood sugar can have some serious consequences and even go unnoticed. And just like other areas of your life you are fully capable of getting back on track.

Heres what to do when your blood sugar is high in 7 simple steps:

  • Start to track it more closely. If you arent already doing so, keep a journal or tracker of some sort to get a handle on things. Write down everything. Readings. Time of day. Foods you ate. Write down everything you can remember until you get your blood sugar back in normal ranges.
  • Ask yourself why. Do you have a good handle on why this happened? Did you take your medicine. Are you stressed. Have you been less active. Eating more. Start trying to build a case as to why this happened. Become a detective.
  • Fast. This may sound like a difficult thing, but with insulin resistance or beta cell dysfunction, many times high blood sugar readings can come down to increased carbohydrate intake.
  • Eat foods high in protein or fats. For the time being, start to add protein to your diet or healthy fats like avocados, nuts, lean meat and go low-carb. This will help to right the ship so to speak until your blood sugar levels are normalized.
  • Consult with your diabetes care team. After speaking with your care team you may have some discoveries, which will help you get your blood sugar back in normal ranges and prevent this from happening again. It could be your medication, illness or maybe just a blood sugar swing due to a hormonal issue.
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    If You Regularly Have High Blood Sugar Levels

    Having high blood sugar levels regularly is not something you should live with. This is because in the long-term it can increase your risk of developing diabetes complications, such as neuropathy and retinopathy.

    If you notice that your blood sugar levels are often high, you should contact your diabetes healthcare team. They will review your treatment and provide you with advice on how to get your blood sugar levels back within your target range. This advice may include increasing your medication.

    In the video below, Lynsey talks to Khalida about feeling anxious after getting a high blood sugar level reading. If youre finding it hard to deal with similar feelings, weve got information on emotional health that you may find helpful.

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    Setting The Stage For High Blood Sugar

    High blood sugar is the defining characteristic of all types of diabetes. It happens when the body can no longer maintain a normal blood glucose level, either because the pancreas is no longer making enough insulin, or because the bodys cells have become so resistant to insulin that the pancreas cannot keep up, and glucose is accumulating in the bloodstream rather than being moved into the cells.

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    Talk With Your Healthcare Provider

    14 Signs Showing That Your Blood Sugar Is Very High  Info You Should Know

    If you think you’ve been doing all you can to keep your blood sugar in control, but your readings are still high, it may be time to switch medications, if you are taking them. Diabetes is a progressive disease, and over time, the beta cells in the pancreas that produce insulin can stop making the hormone altogether.

    Ultimately, your healthcare provider will look at the full picture and do additional testing to find out if there is a bigger problem.

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    Test Before You Eat And Two Hours After

    This will tell you how well your medication is controlling your blood sugar. It will also shed light on what food is boosting your sugar too highand thus should be avoided. You should consult your health-care provider to develop a plan that works for you, says Donna Rice, immediate past president of the American Association of Diabetes Educators, who notes that the frequency and time of day you test will depend on how controlled your blood glucose is.

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    What Is The Dawn Phenomenon

    Another reason for high nighttime blood sugar levels is the dawn phenomenon. The dawn phenomenon occurs early in the morning when the body naturally signals your liver to produce glucose, giving your body the energy it needs to wake up.

    The hormonal changes associated with the dawn phenomenon happen to people with or without diabetes, though those without diabetes do not experience hyperglycemia. If you take insulin, you may need to try a new basal insulin or adjust the timing and amount of your basal dose or your nighttime basal rates to cover an early morning rise.

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    How Do You Feel When Your A1c Is High

    If your blood sugar level is too high, you may experience symptoms such as:

    • blurred vision that doesnt go away when you look at something else
    • drowsiness to the point of feeling like being drunk. If this happens, do not drink alcohol because it will make things worse. Drink water instead! Alcohol can cause your blood sugar levels to spike up even more by slowing down how quickly your liver processes food as well as breaking down carbs in high amounts due to many sugars . Drinking too much coffee while high on insulin may also lead to a dangerous drop in blood sugar levels so try avoiding caffeine if possible until you get back into balance again with medication dosages.

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    What Are Target Blood Sugar Levels For People With Diabetes

    7 Alarming Signs Your Blood Sugar Is Too High

    A target is something that you aim for or try to reach. Your health care team may also use the term goal. People with diabetes have blood sugar targets that they try to reach at different times of the day. These targets are:

    • Right before your meal: 80 to 130
    • Two hours after the start of the meal: Below 180

    Talk with your health care team about what blood sugar numbers are right for you.

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    Swollen Or Bleeding Gums Which Increase Your Infection Risk

    Gum disease is a complication of diabetes, notes the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disease. It can also make diabetes harder to control, because the bodys response to infection is to release more glucose into the bloodstream, according to the ADA.

    Your saliva contains glucose and the more it contains, the more there is to feed the bacteria that combine with food in your mouth to form plaque and cause gum disease. Symptoms can include red or inflamed gums at first. If they are unaddressed, they can progress to periodontitis, which can cause your gums to pull away from your teeth, the appearance of pus or ulcers, or even tooth loss, notes the Mayo Clinic. Get your blood sugar under control and see a dental professional to prevent damage to your gums and teeth.

    Additional reporting by Diana Rodriguez and Andrea Peirce.

    Symptoms Treatments And Prevention

    Hyperglycemia means high glucose in the blood . Your body needs glucose to properly function. Your cells rely on glucose for energy. Hyperglycemia is a defining characteristic of diabeteswhen the blood glucose level is too high because the body isnt properly using or doesnt make the hormone insulin.

    Eating too many processed foods may cause your blood sugar to rise.

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    Make Physical Activity Part Of Your Daily Routine

    Set a goal to be more physically active. Try to work up to 30 minutes or more of physical activity on most days of the week.

    Brisk walking and swimming are good ways to move more. If you are not active now, ask your health care team about the types and amounts of physical activity that are right for you. Learn more about being physically active with diabetes.

    Following your meal plan and being more active can help you stay at or get to a healthy weight. If you are overweight or obese, work with your health care team to create a weight-loss plan that is right for you.

    You Have Bad Breath And Dry Mouth

    10 signes que vous mangez trop de sucre

    An unusual smell when you breathe in through your mouth might indicate that something is wrong with the way glucose moves throughout your system. This can cause a buildup in ketone levels within your blood, giving off an unpleasant odor, much like nail polish remover or acetone.

    Sometimes people mistake this for regular bad breath, but if it happens frequently and seems to have no other cause, it could be a sign that your insulin balance is out of whack, so make sure to see a doctor as soon as possible if you notice this happening.

    Gum disease is also a frequent problem for people with diabetes, so if you notice that your gums are inflamed or swollen, it might be a sign that blood sugar is starting to rise. The dry mouth associated with this problem can lead to the development of cavities and other dental issues, so make sure you’re drinking enough water throughout the day as well as brushing after meals if necessary.

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    Can Lead To Fatty Liver

    A high intake of fructose has been consistently linked to an increased risk of fatty liver.

    Unlike glucose and other types of sugar, which are taken up by many cells throughout the body, fructose is almost exclusively broken down by the liver.

    In the liver, fructose is converted into energy or stored as glycogen.

    However, the liver can only store so much glycogen before excess amounts are turned into fat.

    Large amounts of added sugar in the form of fructose overload your liver, leading to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease , a condition characterized by excessive fat buildup in the liver .

    A study in over 5,900 adults showed that people who drank sugar-sweetened beverages daily had a 56% higher risk of developing NAFLD, compared to people who did not .

    Summary

    Eating too much sugar may lead to NAFLD, a condition in which excessive fat builds up in the liver.

    Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Syndrome

    This mostly affects elderly people. As glucose builds up in your blood, your body tries to get rid of it through your urine.

    At first, you pee a lot. Over time, you pee less, but when you do, itâs very dark. This condition can lead to dehydration, coma, and death.

    Get medical help right away if you have any of these warning signs:

    • Blood sugar level over 600 mg/dL
    • Extreme thirst that may later go away
    • Warm, dry skin that doesnât sweat
    • Fever over 101 F
    • Weakness on one side of your body

    You can avoid many of these problems by keeping your blood sugar under control. Follow your doctorâs advice about diet and exercise, take your medicine, keep up with your doctor visits, and check your levels often.

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    Diabetes And Healthy Weight

    If you are overweight, even losing a small amount of weight, especially around the abdomen, helps to lower your blood pressure, blood glucose and cholesterol levels.

    It can be difficult trying to lose weight, so to get started set yourself a short-term, achievable goal. Try thinking about the food you are eating, whether you really need it, if it’s a healthy choice, and consider the portion size. An accredited practicing dietitian can help you set a realistic meal plan and answer any food related questions you may have.

    Signs Of High Blood Sugar

    The Main Reason of High Blood Glucose While in Ketosis â Dr. Berg

    Someone who has been diagnosed with diabetes will be familiar with how it feels to have hyperglycemia. But for the millions of people who have diabetes or prediabetes and are unaware of it, knowing the signs of high blood sugar could prompt them to seek care and get a diagnosis as soon as possible.

    While type 1 diabetes symptoms can come on suddenly and severely, its important to note that type 2 diabetes symptoms can creep up gradually and be so mild that theyre not noticeable, the NIDDK explains. And most people with prediabetes actually have no symptoms, per the NIDDK. So its extremely important to get screened if you have risk factors, like having a family history, being overweight, or being over age 45, the NIDDK says.

    Still, there are many potential signs of high blood sugar in the short and long term that it doesnt hurt to be conscious of, especially if you are at elevated risk.

    Early on, hyperglycemia can make you feel off in a variety of ways:

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    How To Control Blood Sugar Spikes After Eating

    Your future health will benefit if you spend more time in your goal blood sugar range, sometimes referred to as the ‘time in range’. This may be achieved by reducing these spikes. Since it may vary from person to person, you should speak with your healthcare provider to determine the optimal goal range for you.

    In the near term, you should reduce the recurrence of high blood sugar level symptoms. At the same time, you should focus on increasing your energy levels, cognitive and athletic skills, and general mood by avoiding prolonged high blood sugar readings after eating.

    How High Must That Number On The Glucose Meter Be In Order For It To Warrant A Trip To The Emergency Room Stat

    Should you zip to the emergency room if your blood sugar is over 300 no matter how you feel?

    First of all, if youre fearing that your body is in urgent need of medical care due to a very high blood sugar, dont drive have someone drive you.

    Blood Sugar Numbers and Emergency Room Visits

    Its not a number its how you feel, says Susan L. Besser, MD, with Mercy Medical Center, Baltimore, and Diplomate American Board of Obesity Medicine and board certified by the American Board of Family Medicine.

    Some diabetics walk around with a sugar in the 400s and really dont have many symptoms, whereas others go into a coma at a sugar in the upper 200s, continues Dr. Besser.

    Dont just look at the number. Look at the person. And if you arent sure, call your PCP first. He or she knows you best and can advise you what to do.

    Nevertheless, if you learn that your blood sugar is in the 400s simply because it was time to take a scheduled glucose reading, but you feel perfectly fine, its not necessary to go to the emergency room.

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    Microvascular Damage Of Eyes Kidneys Toes Etc

    Microvascular damage is defined as damage to small blood vessels, and its a common consequence of high blood sugar. Evidence confirms that acute hyperglycemia causes microvascular damage and leads to poor functional recovery, especially in patients who have sustained myocardial infarction.

    For example, numbers show that more than 661,000 Americans have kidney failure, but high blood pressure and diabetes are the most common risk factors for this serious health problem. Almost half of the patients with chronic kidney disease have diabetes. This isnt such a surprise if we bear in mind that poor glycemic control is associated with microvascular disease development.

    High blood sugar damages nerves and interferes with their ability to send signals, which causes diabetic neuropathy. Damage of this kind usually affects eyes, kidneys, toes, and other parts of a patients body.

    High Blood Glucose With Ketones

    What Sugar Does To Your Body {Infographic}

    DKA is the short name for diabetic ketoacidosis.

    Usually only affecting people with type 1 diabetes, DKA occurs when the body does not have enough insulin to change sugar into energy. When there’s not enough insulin, glucose stays in the blood and cannot be used for fuel.

    Since the body still needs fuel for energy, it must then burn body fat instead.

    When the body burns fat, it forms waste products called ketones, which build up in the blood and come out in the urine.

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