Not Brushing And Flossing
If you have diabetes, youâre more likely to get gum disease . And serious gum disease can make it harder to keep your blood sugar under control. Like all infections, it may cause your glucose to rise. That, in turn, can make other infections more likely. Inflamed or infected gums can also cause your bodyâs defense system to go into overdrive. That makes it harder for your body to keep insulin and blood sugar in check.
Make sure you not only brush and floss your teeth but also rinse with an antiseptic mouthwash daily.
Keep up with your dentist visits, work on managing your blood sugar, and, if you have gum disease, treat it and any other infection in any part of your body ASAP.
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Work With Your Health Care Team
Most people with diabetes get health care from a primary care professional. Primary care professionals include internists, family physicians, and pediatricians. Sometimes physician assistants and nurses with extra training, called nurse practitioners, provide primary care. You also will need to see other care professionals from time to time. A team of health care professionals can help you improve your diabetes self-care. Remember, you are the most important member of your health care team.
Besides a primary care professional, your health care team may include
- an endocrinologist for more specialized diabetes care
- a registered dietitian, also called a nutritionist
Blood Sugar Why Does It Matter In Diabetes
Blood sugar is the sugar or glucose in your blood. Having some sugar in your blood is vital because its a significant energy source for your body. A hormone called insulin, produced by the pancreas regulates blood sugar levels.
If you have diabetes, your body either doesnt make enough insulin or cant use the insulin it produces effectively. As a result, it raises your blood sugar levels, which may lead to several serious health problems if left untreated.
High blood sugar can damage your blood vessels and organs and lead to heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, blindness, and amputation. Thats why controlling your blood sugar level is crucial if you have diabetes.
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Examples Of Appropriate Snacks May Be:
- 6 saltine crackers
- 1 slice toast and 1/2 cup milk
The food eaten for a reaction need not be subtracted from a meal plan.
Obtain a blood sugar when symptoms occur if you are able. If symptoms are severe, treat the reaction first and then obtain a blood sugar. Do not drive nor operate equipment if you feel your blood sugar is low.
If your blood sugar drops low enough for you to become unconscious, you must be taken to the hospital and/or treated with glucagon.
Glucagon is a hormone that causes the blood sugar to rise. It can only be given by injection. It is used to treat a low blood sugar if a person becomes semi-conscious or unconscious due to a severe low blood sugar. Please ask your nurse for instruction on glucagon. Your doctor will need to write a prescription for glucagon so you can have it available at home.
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Why Does Blood Glucose Level Rise In Diabetes
The food we eat is converted to glucose and released into the bloodstream. Therefore, blood sugar levels are high after eating. The increase in glucose level signals our pancreas to release insulin.
Insulin helps our body cells to absorb glucose. As a result, blood glucose level goes down / becomes normal again. This process of cell absorption helps in regulating/maintaining normal blood glucose levels.
But in the case of diabetes, our body becomes insulin resistant, or there is insulin deficiency. Due to this our body cells do not absorb blood glucose, resulting in high blood glucose levels, thus causing Diabetes which comes with health problems like thyroid, stress, loss of muscle weight, acidity, insomnia, low energy level, etc. Over a period of time, such high blood glucose levels can cause damage to nerves, kidneys, eyes, and heart. With the right changes in your habits of eating, exercising, sleeping patterns, and stress management we have seen more than 10.000 patients reversing their diabetes. Get started with your diabetes reversal journey, connect with top diabetes experts now.
Therefore if you have diabetes, it is essential to maintain your blood sugar readings at some typical acceptable values, which can be attained by having a healthy lifestyle that will aid the reversal of diabetes and following a sustainable diet plan that you can follow which includes staple food, easily available in your kitchen and does not include supplements.
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Normal Blood Sugar Levels In Children With Diabetes According To Age
How To Lower Blood Sugar When Needed
If you dont have diabetes but your blood glucose is in the prediabetic range, your health care providerwill likely recommend a few lifestyle changes to bring your levels down to the safe range. This usually takes the form of , , and . A plan to lose between 5% and 10% of your body weight within 6 months is a common recommendation.
Diet changes usually mean reducing the size of your portions and avoiding foods high in sugar, simple carbohydrates, and saturated fats. Adding more movement to your daily life can be as simple as just moving around more while working, stretching regularly, and avoiding sitting as much, in addition to more structured exercise.
You should work with your health care provider to develop a lifestyle plan, but you may also need to control your blood glucose levels throughout the day and prevent dangerous spikes. If you have type 2 diabetes, you may be able to take medications by mouth, such as .
However, this approach doesnt always work if you have type 2 diabetes and wont work at all if you have type 1. You might also need calculated doses of insulin released into your bloodstream the amounts you should take will depend on your blood glucose test results. This can be done with regular throughout the day or with a device attached to your body called an insulin pump, which automatically administers it as needed.
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How Should Blood Sugar Levels Be Before And After Eating
In healthy individuals, preprandial blood glucose levels , are usually between 80-130 mg/dL. One to two hours after a meal , blood sugars levels are normally below 180 mg/dL.
Blood glucose levels can be affected by the type and amount of food consumed, as well as other different factors like physical activity, medications, co-existing medical conditions, stress, age, an illness, and even menstrual periods or pregnancy.
Regular Blood Test For Monitoring The Blood Sugar Levels
Regular blood sugar testing has many advantages. Firstly you can know immediately when you are pre-diabetic and can take preventive actions for reversing the condition. Secondly you are able to monitor and control the sugar level by altering medicines as well as amount of insulin etc.
You can avoid spikes in sugar levels that may cause damage to vital organs.
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What Causes Hyperglycemia In People With Diabetes
- The dose of insulin or oral diabetes medication that you are taking is not the most helpful dose for your needs.
- Your body isnt using your natural insulin effectively .
- The amount of carbohydrates you are eating or drinking is not balanced with the amount of insulin your body is able to make or the amount of insulin you inject.
- You are less active than usual.
- Physical stress is affecting you.
- Emotional stress is affecting you.
- You are taking steroids for another condition.
- The dawn phenomenon is affecting you.
Other possible causes
- Pancreatic diseases such as pancreatitis, pancreatic cancer and cystic fibrosis.
- Certain medications .
- Gestational diabetes, which happens in 4% of pregnancies, and is due to decreased insulin sensitivity.
- Surgery or trauma.
Symptoms Of High Blood Sugar Level
Hyperglycemia, often known as high blood sugar, can be brought on by various factors, such as being ill, being under stress, eating more than you intended, and not taking enough insulin.
A persons pancreas secretes more insulin when blood sugar levels are too high. Their pancreas releases glucagon to increase blood sugar levels when they fall. This equilibrium aids in giving the cells enough energy while avoiding damage that persistently elevated blood sugar levels could bring.
Long-term, major health issues might develop from elevated blood sugar over time. High blood sugar symptoms include:
- Incredibly fatigued
- Having visual problems
- A higher need to urinate
Managing your blood sugar can be challenging if you become sick. Your ability to eat and drink may be limited, impacting your blood sugar levels. Use an over-the-counter ketone test kit to screen your urine for ketones if youre sick and your blood sugar is 240 mg/dL or above.
If your ketones are high, call your doctor. High ketones may be a precursor to diabetic ketoacidosis, a medical emergency that requires prompt treatment.
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Normal Blood Sugar Before And After Meals
Normal blood sugar levels vary from person to person. That’s why when we talk about ‘normal’ blood glucose levels, we refer to a range of values that are considered healthy for most individuals. According to the World Health Organization ), a normal range for fasting blood sugar is between 70 and 100 milligrams per deciliter .
For most people, eating a meal or drinking a sugary drink will lead to a temporary increase in the blood glucose levels. As stated by the American Diabetes Association , the blood sugar two hours after eating should not exceed 140 milligrams per deciliter. However, people with certain metabolic conditions, such as prediabetes or diabetes, typically have lower blood sugar than those guidelines suggest. Researchers from the Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology continuously measured people’s blood glucose and found that most individuals averaged around 82 mg/DL during the night and around 93 mg/DL during the day, and spiked to a maximum of 132 mg/DL an hour after a meal.
How Does Your Body Manage Blood Sugar At Night
âYour body uses different types of energy in different ways at different times of day,â says Paul.
At night, your body uses less glucose because you are inactive. Instead, it burns more fat for energy, but it still needs glucose for vital bodily functions.
âYour brain relies almost exclusively on glucose for energy and still needs plenty of it even when youâre asleep,â explains Paul. âSo itâs very important to have a constant supply of glucose overnight.â
To ensure this happens, the body uses various biological feedback mechanisms, including hormones like insulin, which encourage your cells to remove sugar from your blood after you eat.
There is also glucagon, which tells your liver to produce more glucose from fat and other sources if your blood sugar is dipping.
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How To Monitor Blood Sugar
Your doctor will tell you how often to check your blood sugar at home. Checking blood sugar at home can be done in several ways. You can use a blood glucose monitor to check your blood sugar. This method uses a finger stick device to get a drop of blood. Then, you put a drop of blood on a test strip, which is inserted into the monitor. The monitor will then give you a reading of your blood sugar.
Another method of checking blood sugar is continuous glucose monitoring or CGM. This method places a sensor on the body, with a tiny attachment that goes under the skin. CGMs monitor interstitial blood sugar, the sugar found in fluid between cells. The data is transmitted to a receiver or an app on the patients mobile phone. Data is updated frequently. Depending on which CGM you use, your glucose data is updated every one to five minutes. This is especially useful in patients who use insulin and need frequent readings to make treatment decisions.
Your healthcare provider will give you a treatment plan. You will have a target blood sugar range. Depending on your diagnosis, your provider will give you more information on what to do if your blood sugar is too low , or if your blood sugar is too high .
What To Do When Your Blood Sugar Is High Or Low
High blood sugar can harm you. If your blood sugar is high, you need to know how to bring it down. Here are some questions to ask yourself if your blood sugar is high.
- Are you eating too much or too little? Have you been following your diabetes meal plan?
- Are you taking your diabetes medicines correctly?
- Has your provider changed your medicines?
- Is your insulin expired? Check the date on your insulin.
- Has your insulin been exposed to very high or very low temperatures?
- If you take insulin, have you been taking the correct dose? Are you changing your syringes or pen needles?
- Are you afraid of having low blood sugar? Is that causing you to eat too much or take too little insulin or other diabetes medicine?
- Have you injected insulin into a firm, numb, bumpy, or overused area? Have you been rotating sites?
- Have you been less or more active than usual?
- Do you have a cold, flu, or another illness?
- Have you had more stress than usual?
- Have you been checking your blood sugar every day?
- Have you gained or lost weight?
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What Makes Using Honey In Diabetes Better Than Using Refined Sugar
Honey vs Sugar, is a debate that never seems to end. Mankind is known to have been consuming honey for thousands of years now. It is revered for its natural medicinal properties and therefore included in various kinds of treatments. But is that a reason enough to consider honey to be a better and healthier alternative to sugar? Lets find out
Honey is denser than sugar and contains about 68 calories and 17.2 gm of carbohydrate per tablespoon. It is higher in fructose than glucose and because of which, one tends to consume lesser amount of it in comparison to sugar. Precisely the reason why one ends up adding lesser amount of it in their tea or dessert that too without sacrificing the joys of tasting something sweet.
Refined or normal sugar on the other hand is a combination of glucose and fructose which combine together to form sucrose. It is also devoid of any vitamins or minerals and is also high in carbohydrate levels. Therefore, sugar is considered to be unhealthy and a major source of empty calories in the body.
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How To Treat Someone Whos Unconscious Or Very Sleepy
Follow these steps:
They may need to go to hospital if theyre being sick , or their blood sugar level drops again.
Tell your diabetes care team if you ever have a severe hypo that caused you to lose consciousness.
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How Much Exercise Daily To Control Type 2 Diabetes
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