Wednesday, July 17, 2024

When To Check Blood Sugar

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Blood Sugar Instability Symptoms

Checking Blood Sugar (Glucose) Level | How to Use a Glucometer (Glucose Meter)

Insulin resistance does not happen all-of-a-sudden. Rather it builds over time and increasingly contributes to health problems. Understanding the signs of poor blood sugar control is the best way to be proactive in this regard. There are several telling signs that your body is not stabilizing blood sugar effectively.

Some of the most common include:

  • Cravings
  • Unstable Energy Levels
  • Sudden Intense Hunger

Most commonly, these symptoms arise simply because someone is consuming too many carbohydrates and sugar throughout the day. This is why I always start with a Keto Metabolic Makeover to kick start a fat-burning state and help people step off the blood sugar rollercoaster. If you are commonly experiencing these symptoms, it is imperative to test blood sugar levels periodically as these symptoms can be effectively controlled by doing so.

When To Test Your Blood Sugar

Depending on your unique needs, they may suggest testing blood sugar at any of the following times:

1. Before breakfast

Testing before youve had anything to eat or drink in the morning, also known as a fasting blood sugar, can let you know how well your body manages blood sugar while you sleep. It also gives you a baseline to see changes in your blood sugar throughout the day.

2. Before each meal

Checking blood sugar before meals tells people who inject insulin if they need to take a correction dose of insulin in addition to taking their bolus insulin to cover the meal. When testing in pairs , a pre-meal reading can act as a reference for how the food you eat and any pre-meal medications affect your glucose levels.

3. After each meal

The food you consume has a large effect on your blood sugar levels. The American Diabetes Association recommends testing 1 to 2 hours after the start of a meal. To determine if your blood sugar level is where it should be, work with your healthcare professional to establish your target after-meal glucose range.

4. Before bedtime

A blood sugar reading taken before bedtime can tell you if your blood sugar is in a safe range, or if you need to have a snack before going to bed. It is also a point of reference for your morning blood sugar test, to compare and get a picture of how your blood sugar levels changed overnight.

5. In the middle of the night

6. Before, during, and after physical activity

8. When youre sick or stressed

What Causes High Morning Blood Sugars

Two main culprits prompt morning highs: the dawn phenomenon and waning insulin. A third, much rarer cause, known as the Somogyi effect, may also be to blame.

The occasional morning high will have little impact on your A1C, a measure of your average blood sugar levels over time that indicates how well managed your diabetes is. But if those highs become consistent, they could push your A1C up into dangerous territory.

Read Also: How To Control Blood Sugar Spikes After Meals

Advanced Glycation End Products

One of the biggest problems with high blood sugar is that the sugar molecules bind to proteins and enzymes in the blood stream and create advanced glycation end products otherwise known as AGEs. AGEs are highly unstable and break down structural proteins throughout the body and accelerate the aging and degenerative processes of all organs and tissues in the body .

When the body has healthy insulin sensitivity, insulin clears the blood stream of sugar and keeps AGEs under control. However, when we develop insulin resistance, we are no longer able to effectively manage AGE formation and we end up with increased inflammation and tissue damage.

By the time, we develop diabetes, our bodies have been ravaged by AGEs and all of our organ systems are 10-20+ years older than they should do to the accelerated degeneration brought on by this glycation process. In uncontrolled diabetes, these AGEs destroy the nerves leading to optic neuritis, peripheral neuropathy and dementia . The kidneys are also hit hard by these AGEs, which results in kidney failure for many diabetics and congestive heart failure as the blood vessels are highly damaged .

Best Times Of Day To Check Your Blood Sugar

How to test your blood sugar level?

Your blood sugar can change constantly throughout the day. Checking your blood sugar with test-strips or an FBGM several times throughout the day is just as important as taking your medications.

For example, checking your blood sugar before breakfast tells you how well your body is managing during the 8 hours you were asleep, but it doesnt tell you how well your body handles meals.

Here, well look at the best times to check your blood sugar for the most information about your diabetes management!

Read Also: What Happens To Diabetics When Sugar Is Too Low

Blood Volume Required For Sample

The next thing is how much blood volume is required for a single test? In most of the glucose meters, the minimum requirement is about 0.3 microliters. But in some cases, it might require about 0.4 to 0.5 microliters of blood. And the thing with the blood glucose meters that requires more blood may force you to run a test all over again. Because it did not extract the needed blood volume in the first attempt.

The Best Healthcare Options To Prevent Diabetes

Health care is expensive. Canada spent an estimated $253.5 billion in 2018, and as the cost of health care increases, so does the cost to you. Pre-existing medical conditions, family history, and BMI are all factors that increase the cost of health care. These factors also increase your risk of diabetes, so you must be covered.

Of course, as a Canadian, you are entitled to some free and subsidized health care, which is great. But many people opt for private healthcare and for diabetes prevention this can be very useful. If you’re shopping around for private healthcare, it’s important to choose the right package.

Basic health insurance will usually cover health care, medical services, and prescriptions, but they tend to lack customizations. If you opt for a premium/guaranteed health insurance you have the bonus of a custom plan based on your needs if you are worried about your risk of diabetes this is like gold dust.

Private healthcare plans can cover the cost of many expenses related to diabetes such as blood tests, blood sugar monitors, specialist referrals, hospital stays, and much more! The most important thing to note about private health care is that it covers costs for preventative care, not just treatment for diseases.

There are many different options available, so make sure you search for the best quotes.

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What Should I Do If My Blood Sugar Gets Too Low

Low blood sugar is also called hypoglycemia . It means your blood sugar level drops below 70. Having low blood sugar is dangerous and needs to be treated right away. Anyone with diabetes can have low blood sugar. You have a greater chance of having low blood sugar if you take insulin or certain pills for diabetes.

Carry supplies for treating low blood sugar with you. If you feel shaky, sweaty, or very hungry, check your blood sugar. Even if you feel none of these things, but think you may have low blood sugar, check it.

If your meter shows that your blood sugar is lower than 70, do one of the following things right away:

  • chew 4 glucose tablets
  • drink 4 ounces of fruit juice
  • drink 4 ounces of regular soda, not diet soda or
  • chew 4 pieces of hard candy

After taking one of these treatments, wait for 15 minutes, then check your blood sugar again. Repeat these steps until your blood sugar is 70 or above. After your blood sugar gets back up to 70 or more, eat a snack if your next meal is 1 hour or more away.

If you often have low blood sugar, check your blood sugar before driving and treat it if it is low.

Blood Glucose Testing And Prediabetes

How to Test Your Blood Sugar

It isn’t necessary for most people with prediabetes, also known as impaired glucose tolerance, to monitor their blood glucose levels. What’s most important is taking steps to prevent type 2 diabetes by making changes to diet, physical activity level, and other aspects of lifestyle.

It will be at regular yearly checkups that a person with prediabetes will have their blood glucose measured. This is usually done with a blood test called the A1C that can measure average glucose levels over the previous two to three months.

However, if you’ve been diagnosed with prediabetes, it can’t hurt to ask your doctor about monitoring your blood glucose. Doing so will tell you where your blood sugar is every dayinformation that could help to motivate you to continue to make the changes and take the steps that will help to prevent you from developing type 2 diabetes.

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Prevent Type 2 Diabetes

If your test results show you have prediabetes, ask your doctor or nurse if there is a lifestyle change program offered through the CDC-led National Diabetes Prevention Program in your community. You can also search for an online or in-person program. Having prediabetes puts you at greater risk for developing type 2 diabetes, but participating in the program can lower your risk by as much as 58% .

What Is The A1c Test

The A1C test is a simple blood test that measures your average blood sugar levels over the past 2 or 3 months. The test is done at a lab or your doctors office in addition tonot instead ofregular blood sugar testing you do yourself.

A1C testing is part of the ABCs of diabetesimportant steps you can take to prevent or delay health complications down the road:

The A1C goal for most adults with diabetes is between 7% and 8%, but your goal may be different depending on your age, other health conditions, medicines youre taking, and other factors. Work with your doctor to establish a personal A1C goal for you.

Also Check: How To Make Blood Sugar Go Down Fast

When Is The Best Time To Check Blood Sugar Levels At Home

The glucometer is the best way to observe and track the immediate effects of your food choices, physical activity and other changes to your blood glucose. It helps you to take further action to bring your blood glucose back to the target range recommended by your doctor. Optimal blood glucose control is essential to prevent diabetes complications. Your blood sugar level undergoes alteration during the day, especially after a meal. Hence, monitoring your blood glucose levels at the right time helps in better management of diabetes.

While there is no standard number of measurements that apply to people with diabetes. Unless otherwise indicated, you must generally monitor your blood glucose levels 1 to 4 times a day and this time is based on several factors. The general plan for monitoring BG levels at home is:

  • Early morning
  • about 90-120 minutes from the moment you started eating
  • the evening before bedtime
  • when you have the feeling that your sugar levels have spiked.

Type 1 Diabetes

Frequency and time: The frequency and time of home blood glucose checks can vary depending on the individuals goals, but people with type 1 diabetes are required:

  • at least 4 checks a day, in routine conditions
  • The effect of the carbohydrates taken should be checked 1 or 2 hours after a meal.

Type 2 diabetes mellitus in conventional or mixed insulin therapy

Heres an overview of when to check your blood glucose levels and the course of action it may require.

When to Test

Common Factors Causing Blood Sugar Imbalance

How to test your blood glucose levels at home

Many choices you make daily affect the bodys ability to regulate blood sugar effectively. Once you understand these factors, you can control them to benefit your health.

Of course, in addition to considering these factors, actually monitoring your blood sugar simultaneously is the best way to know that the choices you are making are creating a positive impact.

Also Check: How To Avoid High Blood Sugar

Discuss Blood Sugar Levels With A Doctor

  • Make sure to speak with your physician about how often you should be checking your blood sugar and at what times of day or week checks should be done.
  • Dont forget to ask your physician: What should I do with all this information? Your overall control will likely not improve unless you know what to do with the glucose numbers you are seeing!
  • If you are uncertain how to use your meter, ask to meet with a diabetes educator for additional training.

How often do you check your blood sugar?

What Are Considered Normal Blood Sugar Levels

You might not have diabetes now, but do you know the risk factors?

In 2015, 22% of Canadian adults were pre-diabetic and the number of Canadians suffering from diabetes has increased by 44% in the last 10 years. As the leading cause of blindness, kidney problems, and non-trauma amputations, it is important to protect ourselves against diabetes.

But its not all bad news, diabetes is often a preventable disease. Knowing whether you have normal blood sugar levels is one of the best indicators of risk. If your blood sugar levels are high, mindful eating and lifestyle changes can reduce your risk of developing diabetes.

Read on for all the hottest tips on how to manage your blood sugar levels and prevent diabetes.

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Blood Glucose Monitoring: Devices And How To Use Them

Monitoring your blood sugar is a vital part of diabetes manage. Your diabetes care team will help you decide how often and when to check. Often people are told that they should check their blood sugar via finger stick at least four times if they dont use a continuous glucose monitor before each meal and at bedtime. And then are advised to check if they feel low or high, before exercise or driving, or more often when you are sick or other unusual circumstances that may affect your blood sugar. Often people check over 10 times per day to try to keep their blood sugar in their target range.

However, another blood sugar management tool more people are using is a continuous glucose monitor that measure the bodys glucose levels in real-time by sensing the glucose present in tissue fluid . Heres what you need to know about them:

Why You Should Check Your Blood Sugar

How to test your blood glucose (sugar) levels

Testing blood glucose can help you manage diabetes by showing you:

  • How well your diabetes treatment plan is working
  • How exercise and food affect your blood sugar levels
  • How things like stress and illness affect your levels
  • How well your diabetes medication is working
  • When your blood sugar levels are too high or too low

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What If I Have Trouble Getting To My Blood Sugar Goals

There may be times when you have trouble reaching your blood sugar goals. This does not mean that you have failed. It means that you and your health care team should see if changes are needed. Call your health care team if your blood sugar is often too high or too low. Taking action will help you be healthy today and in the future.

Contour Next Ez Blood Glucose Meter

Features: Accurate meter, results in 5 seconds, need a tiny blood sample, alarm reminder, 18-month warranty.

This is an easy-to-use device for those who want to check their glucose level at home with simple features. Secondly, it needs a tiny blood sample and gives a perfect result within 5 seconds. This device includes replaceable lancet and testing strips in a complete kit. When you need to buy more strips and lancet contour gives a loyalty scheme that offers discounts. This is a very convenient device to use at home.


  • No screen light in the device.

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Consider Testing Before A Meal

If youre on a flexible insulin plan , you need to check before you eat to determine the dose of rapid-acting insulin you need. If you have type 2 diabetes and are starting to take insulin once a day, your provider or diabetes educator will probably adjust your dose based on your daily fasting glucose results and perhaps other results.

Below are target blood sugar guidelines for adults with diabetes who have no other health issues. Theres a slight difference between the two organizations recommendations. Ask your provider about specific fasting and after-eating glucose levels and A1C targets that are right for you.

Guidelines for testing before a meal:

American Diabetes Association: 70-130 mg/dl

American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists: Less than 110 mg/dl

How Long Will Blood Glucose Checks Or Additional Treatments Be Needed

Blood Sugar Test: Purpose, Procedure, and Results

Blood glucose levels usually get back to normal within 12 hours to 72 hours of birth, especially once your baby is feeding regularly.

Its rare for full-term babies to continue having trouble with their blood glucose levels. If this happens beyond 24 hours, your babys doctor may want to do more tests.

Read Also: What Should An Adults Sugar Level Be

What Affects Your Results

If you have certain conditions, like anemia or gout, or if it’s hot or humid or you’re at a high altitude, that can affect your blood sugar levels.

If you keep seeing unusual results, recalibrate your meter and check the test strips.

The chart below gives you an idea of where your blood sugar level should be throughout the day. Your ideal blood sugar range may be different from another person’s and will change throughout the day.

Time of Test

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