Causes And Risk Factors Of Hypoglycemia
Hypoglycemia occurs when your blood sugar levels are less than or equal to 70 mg/dL and certain symptoms are present. It can be caused by a number of factors, depending on whether or not you also have diabetes.
Verywell / Theresa Chiechi
Here’s what you need to know about the causes and risk factors of hypoglycemia:
When Blood Sugar Is Too Low
Hypoglycemia is the medical word for low blood sugar level. It needs to be treated right away. Why? Because glucose, or sugar, is the body’s main fuel source. That means your body including your brain needs glucose to work properly.
When blood sugar levels go lower than they’re supposed to, you can get very sick. Your parents and your diabetes health care team will tell you what your blood sugar levels should be and what to do if they get too low.
Your Hypoglycemia Action Plan
If you experience symptoms of hypoglycemia, its important to take action. Start with these steps:
Test your blood sugar. If you recognize any of these symptoms and believe your blood sugar may be too low, the first step you should take is to test your blood sugar with your glucose meter, Tan says. Anything less than 70 milligrams per deciliter is considered low blood sugar, according to the National Library of Medicine . However, target levels are often individualized, so talk with your healthcare provider about your optimal numbers, Tan adds.
Eat or drink fast-acting carbs. If you have low blood sugar, you need to take action right away. Your best bet is to consume about 15 grams of carbohydrates, the NLM says. Some options include:
- ½ cup or 4 ounces of orange juice
- ½ cup or 4 ounces of regular soda
- 1 tablespoon of sugar dissolved in water
- 1 tablespoon of honey or maple syrup
- 5 or 6 hard candies, jelly beans, or gumdrops
- 1 tablespoon of cake frosting
- 2 tablespoons of raisins
- ½ cup of applesauce
You can also take three to four glucose tablets or a tube of glucose gel. Everyone who takes medications for diabetes should always have glucose tablets with them, Galindo urges.
Wait, then retest. The next step is to wait 15 minutes, then test your blood sugar again. If blood sugar has reached 100 mg/dl or greater, youre fine. If not…
Recommended Reading: What Does High Blood Sugar Do
After You Have Low Blood Sugar
If your low blood sugar was mild , you can return to your normal activities once your blood sugar is back in its target range.
After you have low blood sugar, your early symptoms for low blood sugar are less noticeable for 48 to 72 hours. Be sure to check your blood sugar more often to keep it from getting too low again, especially before eating, physical activity, or driving a car.
If you used glucagon because of a severe low , immediately call your doctor for emergency medical treatment. If you have had lows several times close together , you should also tell you doctor. They may want to change your diabetes plan.
Check Your Blood Sugar Often
Talk with your provider about when you should check your blood sugar every day. People who have low blood sugar need to check their blood sugar more often.
The most common causes of low blood sugar are:
- Taking your insulin or diabetes medicine at the wrong time
- Taking too much insulin or diabetes medicine
- Taking insulin to correct high blood sugar without eating any food
- Not eating enough during meals or snacks after you have taken insulin or diabetes medicine
- Waiting too long after taking your medicine to eat your meals
- Exercising a lot or at a time that is unusual for you
- Not checking your blood sugar or not adjusting your insulin dose before exercising
- Drinking alcohol
Also Check: Does Eating Fruit Raise Blood Sugar
What Can I Do To Lower My Blood Sugar Fast
successfully, otherwise you can t produce sufficient Related To Diabetes of it Clinical management of sort 2 diabetes in indigenous youth International textbook of diabetes mellitus, two volume set Don t shed weight if you are pregnant, however verify together with your obstetrician about healthy weight acquire during your being pregnant Another treatment underneath analysis The Lancet Public Health for What Is Low Blood Sugar A Sign Of Type 1 diabetes is immunotherapy.
If you ve any suggestions or more questions, please be at liberty to share What Is Normal Blood Sugar them with us When you discover symptoms, usually a couple of at one time, it is advised to see a physician immediately The info on this site shouldn t be used as a substitute for skilled medical care or recommendation Normal Blood Sugar Level Contact a health care supplier when Sweet eze blood sugar support youngevity you have questions about your health For most individuals, eighty to ninety nine milligrams of sugar per deciliter before a meal Is 236 a high blood sugar Apple watch test blood sugar and eighty to 140 mg dl after a meal is Fasting Blood Glucose Level normal The American Diabetes Association says that the majority nonpregnant adults with diabetes ought to have 80 to one hundred thirty mg dl earlier than a meal and fewer than one hundred eighty mg dl at 1 to 2 hours after starting the meal.
The Causes Of Low Blood Sugar
Low blood sugar levels can happen to kids with diabetes because of the medicines they have to take. Kids with diabetes may need a hormone called insulin and/or diabetes pills to help their bodies use the sugar in their blood. These medicines help take the sugar out of the blood and get it into the body’s cells, which makes the level of sugar in the blood go down.
But sometimes it’s a tricky balancing act, and blood sugar levels can get too low. Kids with diabetes need to keep their blood sugar levels from getting too high or too low. How do they do it? With help from grown-ups, they keep three things in balance:
Each one of these can affect the other. For instance, eating more might mean a kid needs more insulin. And exercising might create the need for an extra snack. Again, a grown-up can help you learn how to juggle those three activities so you keep feeling good.
Some things that can make low blood sugar levels more likely to happen are:
- skipping meals and snacks
- not eating enough food at a meal or snack
- exercising longer or harder than usual without eating something extra
- getting too much insulin
- not timing the insulin doses properly with meals, snacks, and exercise
- taking a long bath or shower right after an insulin shot
Recommended Reading: Does Grey Goose Vodka Have Sugar
How Is Hypoglycemia Diagnosed
Hypoglycemia can occur in a fasting state, meaning youve gone for an extended period without eating. Your doctor may ask you to take a fasting test. This test can last as long as 72 hours. During the test, youll have your blood drawn at different times to measure your blood glucose level.
Another test is a mixed-meal tolerance test. This test is for people who experience hypoglycemia after eating.
The results are usually available within a day or two. If your blood sugar level is lower than 55 mg/dl, you may have hypoglycemia.
Keep track of your symptoms with a symptom diary. Your diary should include any symptoms, what youve eaten, and how long before or after a meal your symptoms occurred. This information will help your doctor make a diagnosis.
Testing Blood Sugar Levels With Type 1 Diabetes
blood sugar meter to calibrate your CGM gadget every day Transmetatarsal amputation entails surgical removal of a half of the foot that includes the metatarsals.
Your blood sugar level can rise for so much of reasons, including consuming an extreme amount of, being sick or not taking enough glucose lowering medicine If you may have hyperglycemia, you ll want to regulate your meal plan, drugs or both Even with careful management, blood sugar ranges can sometimes change unpredictably Managing diabetes to enhance affected person outcomes requires a posh multidisciplinary methodBlood glucose monitoring is a critical measurement of ongoing diabetes management Both diabetic ketoacidosis and hyperosmolar state require emergent management to reduce elevated blood glucose ranges with insulin remedy.
While a excessive glucose worth can indicate diabetes, nondiabetics also can have higher values than regular Traditional glucose What Is Normal Blood Sugar measurements, like a single point in time blood glucose value, are unable to seize these abnormalities If you ve prediabetes, healthy lifestyle choices may help you deliver your blood sugar stage again to normal or at least hold it from rising toward the degrees seen in sort 2 diabetes Maintaining a wholesome weight through train and Is 71 A Normal Blood Sugar wholesome eating may help.
You May Like: What Is Normal Blood Sugar For Type 2
How Can I Prevent Insulin
- Check your blood sugar regularly.
- Know what causes low blood sugar.
- Eat at regular mealtimes. Do not delay or skip meals and do not eat partial meals.
- Take all medicines exactly as prescribed.
- Check your blood sugar more often when you are exercising more or eating less, or when you are sick, according to your healthcare provider’s recommendations.
- Keep your follow-up appointments with your provider.
Developed by RelayHealth.Published by RelayHealth.This content is reviewed periodically and is subject to change as new health information becomes available. The information is intended to inform and educate and is not a replacement for medical evaluation, advice, diagnosis or treatment by a healthcare professional.Â© 2018 RelayHealth and/or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.
When Does Type 1 Diabetes Occur
are not normally seen Blood Sugar Levels at ranges below 14 mmol L or 250 mg dl Without remedy, diabetic ketoacidosis can lead to a diabetic coma and demise, so in case you have signs, search quick medical How Do I Know If I Have Type 2 Diabetes consideration.
As a result of either of those situations, the blood sugar stage stays excessive, a condition called hyperglycemia or diabetes mellitus If left undiagnosed and untreated, the eyes, kidneys, nerves, heart, blood vessels and other organs can be damaged Measuring your blood glucose ranges permits you and your physician to know if you have, or are at risk for, developing diabetes In the quick term, excessive blood glucose levels can make you are feeling downright dangerous Thirst, frequent journeys to the toilet, fatigue and weight loss are all signs of excessive blood glucose If not treated, extra serious issues can occur, such as diabetic ketoacidosis.
Some choices .
Also Check: How To Lower Your Sugar Fast
Digestive Endocrine And Circulatory Systems
After you eat, your digestive system breaks down carbohydrates and turns them into glucose. Essentially, glucose is your bodys fuel source.
As your sugar levels rise, your pancreas releases a hormone called insulin, which helps glucose get taken up and used by cells throughout your body. If you have insulin-dependent diabetes, you must take the right about of insulin to get the job done.
Any excess glucose goes to your liver for storage.
When you go a few hours without eating, blood sugar levels go down. If you have a healthy pancreas, it releases a hormone called glucagon to make up for the absence of food. This hormone tells your liver to process the stored sugars and release them into your bloodstream.
If everything works as it should, your blood sugar levels should remain in the normal range until your next meal.
Insufficient blood sugar levels can cause a rapid heartbeat and heart palpitations. However, even if you have diabetes, you may not always have obvious symptoms of low blood sugar. This is a potentially dangerous condition called hypoglycemia unawareness. It happens when you experience low blood sugar so often that it changes your bodys response to it.
Normally, low blood sugar causes your body to release stress hormones, such as epinephrine. Epinephrine is responsible for those early warning signs, like hunger and shakiness.
Treating Severely Low Blood Sugar
Blood sugar below 55 mg/dL is considered severely low. You wont be able to treat it using the 15-15 rule. You also may not be able to check your own blood sugar or treat it by yourself, depending on your symptoms. Make sure your family members, friends, and caregivers know your signs of low blood sugar so they can help treat it if needed.
Injectable glucagon is the best way to treat severely low blood sugar. A glucagon kit is available by prescription. Speak with your doctor to see if you should have a kit. Be sure to learn how and when to use it. Let family members and others close to you know where you keep the glucagon kit and make sure theyve been trained in how to use it too.
Its important to contact a doctor for emergency medical treatment immediately after receiving a glucagon injection. If a person faints due to severely low blood sugar, theyll usually wake up within 15 minutes after a glucagon injection. If they dont wake up within 15 minutes after the injection, they should receive one more dose. When the person is awake and able to swallow:
- Feed the person a fast-acting source of sugar .
- Then, have them eat a long-acting source of sugar .
Its also important that friends, family, co-workers, teachers, coaches, and other people you may be around often know how to test your blood sugar and treat severely low blood sugar before it happens.
If any of the following happens, your friend, relative, or helper should call 911:
You May Like: Does High Blood Sugar Affect Kidneys
Who Should Consume These Supplements And Who Shouldnt
a small serving of sweets should be offset by eating other foods that When to take supplements to regulate blood sugar contain no sweets.
SELF does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.
Another type of transplant is a pancreatic islet transplant.
Seven of these items are formulated positively and Is 71 Considered Low Blood Sugar nine inversely with regard to what Is 71 Considered Low Blood Sugar Is 71 Considered Low Blood Sugar is considered effective self care.
Blood glucose is regulated Is 71 Considered Low Blood Sugar by insulin produced by the pancreas, though in patients with diabetes, the insulin is not produced or processed properly meaning Is 71 Considered Low Blood Sugar they may need insulin injections to Low Blood Sugar Is 71 Considered Low Blood Sugar regulate their blood sugar.
Keep in mind that dietary supplements may interact Is 71 Considered Low Blood Sugar with medications or other dietary supplements.
It s possible to experience a combination of Is 71 Considered Low Blood Sugar these How much blood sugar is too high events you may have high blood sugar levels at various points throughout the night.
In 1 Low Blood Sugar to 4 percent of all diabetes cases, the condition results from mutations in a single gene.
We found that many individuals considered nondiabetic by standard measures, in fact, Blood Sugar Levels Normal experienced frequent elevations in blood glucose levels into the impaired glucose tolerant or diabetic range.
Several Factors May Cause A Persons Postprandial Blood Sugar To Remain Elevated
Smoking after the meal: Studies show that smoking raises blood sugar levels in people with diabetes. Extreme stress: Stress produces the bodys fight-or-flight response triggering the release of stress hormones such as cortisol. These hormones cause the body to release the glucose it has previously stored for energy. Eating or drinking after the meal and before testing the blood sugar: Continuing to eat will keep blood sugars closer to their immediate post-meal levels.
Studies show that 15 to 20 minutes of moderate exercise, such as walking, shortly after a meal may improve glucose metabolism and reduce postprandial glucose levels.
You Can Have Hypoglycemia Without Knowing It
Some patients with diabetic nerve damage, known as neuropathy, may not experience any of the symptoms of hypoglycemia, even when their blood sugar is very low.
In that case, you may need to test your blood more often and rely on family and friends to help you notice if blood sugar starts to drop.
“My mom is one of them,” says Thigpen. “Her blood sugar can go down to 30 mg/dl and all she says is she’s kind of tired.” In those cases, family members can help determine if blood sugar is heading into the danger zone.
“You want to offer them a source of quick-acting carbohydrates,” says Thigpen. “The gold standard of that treatment would be 15 grams of glucose,” she says, which can be purchased over-the-counter in pill or gel form at the pharmacy.
Talk To Your Doctor Or Nurse
If you use insulin and your blood sugar is frequently or consistently low, ask your doctor or nurse if you:
- Are injecting your insulin the right way
- Need a different type of needle
- Should change how much insulin you take
- Should change the kind of insulin you take
Do not make any changes without talking to your doctor or nurse first.
Sometimes hypoglycemia can be due to accidently taking the wrong medicines. Check your medicines with your pharmacist.
Also Check: Can Low Blood Sugar Cause Hives
How Do You Treat Hypoglycemia
Treatment for hypoglycemia involves both the immediate steps needed to raise your blood sugar level in addition with the later treatment or medication dose adjustment to prevent recurrence.
To immediately raise your blood sugar level, Dr. Shah advocates the rule of 15eating 15 grams of carbohydrates and then checking your blood sugar level 15 minutes later. Fast-acting carbohydrates include:
- 4 glucose tablets
- 4 ounces of fruit juices
Keep repeating these steps every 15 minutes until your blood sugar reaches above 70 mg/dL, he explains. Once your level has stabilized, its important to then eat a snack or even a full meal to maintain that balance, Dr. Shah adds.
If your symptoms are more severe and/or a person is unable to swallow, you may need an injection of glucagon, he says.
To prevent episodes of hypoglycemia in the future, Dr. Shah says that treatment may involve the changing of prescribed regimens and dosages or adjusting your meal plans.