What Is A Dangerous Blood Sugar Level
A normal blood sugar level is between 70 and 130 after you have been fasting for a few hours. Blood sugar levels can be dangerous if they are too high or too low.
Low blood sugars can be caused by not eating enough, or by trying to lower your sugar too quickly. A blood sugar under 60 is considered dangerous. It can lead to confusion or loss of consciousness, which can be deadly. It is important to have a snack with you at all times in case this happens to you. If it does happen, think about what you did or didnt do that lead to the low number. If it happens often, start writing things down to help you track what the cause is so that you can avoid it.
High blood sugars over 300 are pretty concerning. A lot depends on what your sugar typically runs. If you are normally in the 200s, then a sugar of 320 wouldnt affect you the way that it would for someone whose typically runs 150.
If your blood sugar gets too high, then you may have Ketoacidosis. What happens is that the body does not have enough insulin to use the glucose cells, so it starts to break down fat and muscle for fuel. This causes ketones to enter the bloodstream and causes a pretty bad chemical imbalance. Ketones can also be found in your urine, which is an easy way to test. Signs of Diabetic Ketoacidosis are:
- Fruity smelling breath
- An abnormal increase in blood sugar
You should also seek medical attention for this as well to rehydrate your body before any complications happen.
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What Are The Symptoms Of Hyperglycemia
The signs and symptoms include the following:
- High blood glucose
- High levels of glucose in the urine
- Frequent urination
- Increased thirst
Part of managing your diabetes is checking your blood glucose often. Ask your doctor how often you should check and what your glucose sugar levels should be. Checking your blood and then treating high blood glucose early will help you avoid problems associated with hyperglycemia.
What Is A Normal Blood Sugar Reading
A normal blood sugar reading for the A1C test is 5.7%. Your doctor will diagnose you with prediabetes if your A1C is between 5.7% and 6.4%, or with diabetes if your A1C is 6.5% or higher.
If you take the random blood sugar test, you will be diagnosed with diabetes if your blood sugar level is 200 milligrams per deciliter or higher.
Dr. Raja says, A normal fasting blood sugar reading should be < 200 mg/dL.
A normal blood sugar reading for the fasting test is less than 100 mg/dL. A reading between 100 and 125 mg/dL may be diagnosed as prediabetes, and a reading of 126 mg/dL or higher may be diagnosed as diabetes.
If you take the oral glucose tolerance test, a normal reading is anything lower than 140 mg/dL. A reading between 140 and 199 mg/dL is prediabetes, and a reading of 200 mg/dL or higher is diabetes.
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Stick To Your Medication And Insulin Regimen
Skipping a dose of medication or insulin can be harmful to your body and increase your blood sugar levels.
Its important to stick to your treatment plan and follow your doctors instructions for taking your medication.
Healthful lifestyle habits can help people manage their blood sugar levels over the long term, such as eating a balanced diet, getting regular exercise, staying hydrated, and getting good sleep.
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Look For Good Fat Sources
Fats are not your enemy, even for people with diabetes. The primary things to understand is how to differentiate healthy fats from unhealthy fats, consume fats in moderation, and exercise regularly.
Limit your saturated fat intake to a maximum off 10% of total calories. According to the American Diabetes Association , some good sources of healthy fats include:
Nuts such as peanuts, walnuts, and almonds
Oils from canola, corn, and safflower
Seeds from sesame, pumpkin, and sunflower
Whole grains are a great source for healthy fiber. Some good options are:
Millet, wild rice, brown rice, Bulgar
Steel-cut oats and whole-grain cereal
100% whole-wheat bread
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Nuts Seeds And Nut/seed Butters
Nuts, seeds, and their respective butters offer quality sources of protein, plant based fat, and fiberâ¦ all three of our blood sugar balancing nutrients we look for! These foods have been shown to not only help promote healthy blood sugar levels, but also keep you more satisfied and full for longer.
How Long Does It Take For Blood Sugar To Go Down
Multiple factors, such as dietary patterns, health, and medications, can influence a persons blood sugar levels. A person can seek a doctors advice on the best strategies to manage their blood glucose. As an individuals blood sugars can fluctuate and go down quickly, it is important to monitor them closely.
Typically, medications such as insulin can help reduce blood sugars quickly. Different types of insulin exist, and each type has a different onset and duration meaning how long it takes to work and how long the effects last, respectively.
For example, rapid-acting insulin typically begins to work within about 15 minutes , has the strongest effect in approximately an hour, and lasts for a few hours.
Other methods, such as exercise, can help lower blood sugars for up to about 24 hours by making the body more sensitive to insulin. Generally, it is advisable to exercise 13 hours after eating, as this is likely when blood sugar levels will be highest. However, it is important to check these levels before exercising and to check them regularly, particularly after any grueling activity.
If a person takes insulin, their risk of experiencing hypoglycemia may be highest 612 hours after exercising. Additionally, it is worth noting that health experts advise caution if exercising with high blood sugars, as physical activity may cause them to rise even higher.
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Complex Carbs V Simple Carbs
When you eat complex carbs vs simple carbs the effects it has is more or less opposite. Complex carbohydrates are a lot more difficult for the body to break down.
Most complex carb foods are good for you, because they contain fibre, nutrients, minerals, enzymes and vitamins these are foods such as fruits and vegetables.
Berries and nuts are also sources of complex carbs.
There are many foods you can eat and complex carb diet plans you can follow, but they are a whole subject on their own, and I will cover them in other upcoming articles.
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Symptoms That Require Emergency Room Treatment
If your high blood sugar level does not come down within an hour of the above temporary measures and is accompanied by any of the following symptoms, seek emergency room treatment immediately:
- Fruity-scented breath
If left untreated, high glucose levels or hyperglycemia could cause life-threatening dehydration loss of consciousness and death. Ketoacidosis cannot be self-treated. You will require intravenous fluids and insulin.
Please do not listen to other diabetics who may tell you that they had high glucose readings and were fine. Every body responds differently.
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Choose High Fiber Foods
Fiber is a form of carbohydrate that is not fully broken down. It has properties that slow the digestive process so that blood sugar does not rise as quickly. Research is suggesting that some types of fiber can actually improve insulin sensitivity, helping the body correctly respond to sugar in your bloodstream.
Of course, we also know that fiber helps you feel full and satisfied. The higher fiber the meal, the less likely we are to overeat. And the list of benefits goes on and on weight control, lowers blood pressure, aids in gut health and bowel motility, helps reduce cholesterol
Most plant-based foods are sources of fiber including:
Choosing less processed foods and incorporating more produce, beans, and nuts at your meals will naturally add fiber to your diet. There is no need to take fiber supplements when nature provides all that we need!
Read more about exactly how much fiber your body needs and where to find it in this article.
Some tasty fiber-filled recipes your whole family will love
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Be A Glucose Detective
If youve been diagnosed with diabetes or prediabetes, monitoring your sugar levels can help you problem-solve when you have a blood sugar spike. It can also shine a light on your overall blood sugar trends and their causes.
Use a glucometer to make sure youre in the targeted range your healthcare provider recommends. Asterino-McGeean says to check with your insurance to see if these monitors are covered. You can also buy inexpensive ones over the counter at most grocery stores and pharmacies, she adds.
Lose Weight And Exercise
The National Diabetes Prevention Program, designed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, is meant to help people lower their blood sugar over time to avoid Type 2 diabetes.
Participants in the program are encouraged to lose 7% of their body weight and exercise for 150 minutes a week. A clinical trial found that people who followed the program reduced their risk for Type 2 diabetes by 58% over three years.
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What Causes The Blood Sugar Levels Go To High
Our bodies need sugar to make energy for the cells. Without it, we cannot do basic functions. When we eat foods with glucose, insulin pairs with it to allow it to enter into the cell wall. If the insulin is not there, then the glucose molecule cant get through the wall and cannot be used. The extra glucose hangs out in the bloodstream which is literally high blood sugar.
The lack of insulin can be caused by two different things.
- First, you can have decreased insulin resistance which means that your insulin doesnt react the way that it is supposed to. It doesnt partner with glucose to be used as fuel.
- Secondly, you can have no insulin, which is the case with type 1 diabetes.
Regardless of how it is caused, it is imperative to control blood sugars to help prevent problems.
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How Your Body Reacts To Exercise
You should be aware of how your body reacts to exercise as the response will vary from one person to another.
Each different physical activity could have a varied effect on your blood glucose level.
The amount of time you spend on a certain physical activity is also another important factor to consider when measuring your blood glucose level.
Regular testing of your blood sugar levels before, during and after exercise will help you see the pattern of your blood glucose fluctuations.
You can then give this information to your doctor so they can determine the best exercise treatment plan to help you better manage your blood sugar levels.
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Keep Track The Blood Sugar Levels
The last but not less important tip on how to control blood sugar levels is keeping track your blood sugar levels readings. It is a good and also necessary thing for you to take your readings. If you are experiencing highs or lows, then follow the above tips or call the health-care provider to discuss some adjustments in your current routine.
If you or someone you love is coping with the risk of diabetes due to raised blood sugar levels then you can check out some methods to get diabetes under control.
16. Eat Oatmeal
Oatmeal helps control blood sugar but dont eat sweetened kind. According to nutrients, though oatmeal is a carbohydrate, but a good kind. In addition, oatmeal is a great source of fiber thats slower for you to digest and keep your blood sugar in control. Because oatmeal contains soluble fiber so that it helps you feel full longer. Besides, oatmeal offers a source of energy that is steadier than that in white bread.
For those who suffer from type II diabetes and have the risk of obesity, its important for them to pay attention to improve their glucose levels by eating more soluble fiber in green leafy vegetables, fruits, too.
If barley is available in your living place, use this grain, instead of oats. The nutritionists from USDA suggest that whole grains like barley and oats are great choice for diabetics. And people can add boiled pearl barley in their daily meals, in place of white rice.
17. Eat Fish
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18. Eat Strawberries
How To Lower My Blood Sugar For Type 2 Diabetes
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Treating Low Blood Sugar
You are at risk of having a low blood sugar reaction if you:
- Skip or delay a meal or snack
- Take too much insulin or eat too few carbohydrates
- Drink alcohol, especially without eating carbohydrates
Check your blood sugar if you have any of these symptoms:
- Weakness and/or fatigue
If your blood sugar is less than 70 milligrams per deciliter :
- Eat 15 to 30 grams of carbohydrate
- Wait 15 minutes and then recheck your blood sugar
- If your blood sugar is still less than 100 mg/dl, take another 15 grams of carbohydrate and retest your blood sugar in another 15 minutes. Repeat if necessary.
Important: If you have frequent low blood sugars speak to your doctor. You may need changes in your medication and/or meal plan.
Include Healthy Sources Of Carbohydrate
Although it is imperative that you keep a watch on the total amount of carbohydrates that you are eating, it is essential that you do not avoid this important nutrient completely from your diet. A few healthy sources of carbohydrates are in fact essential to maintain a healthy level of blood sugar or blood glucose in our body. When you avoid the food completely, the body is deprived of all the essential nutrients, leading to elevated levels of blood pressure.
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Keep A List And Check It Daily
A lot of chronic stress comes from our perpetually busy lives and trying to keep track of all of the nuts and bolts that keep things together. If you feel overwhelmed by your mental to-do listespecially if you tend to stress ignore important taskswrite down your list on paper, in your notes app, or on a calendar. Cross the items off the list as you do them. Marking things off your to-do list feels great, inspires more action, and helps you reduce stress by staying on top of bills, doctors appointments, school schedules, and all of the other nitty gritty details that make life run smoothly.