How Do I Prevent Hyperglycemia
- Exercise to help lower blood sugar. Work with your healthcare provider to make a daily activity plan.
- Follow your meal plan if you have one. Learn how carbohydrates impact your blood sugar, and work with your diabetes care team to find the best meal plan for you.
- Maintain a healthy weight.
- Limit drinking alcohol. Alcohol can raise blood sugar levels, but can also cause dangerously low blood sugar levels. Work with your provider to determine how much is safe to drink.
Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 02/11/2020.
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Go For A Walk After You Eat
Beyond avoiding the couch, there is something you can actually do to help your blood sugar levels after a meal. Lace up those sneakers, and go for a walk to help balance blood sugar levels further. You’ll even walk off some of those calories, as an added perk.
“Taking a walk after a meal will help to minimize the rise in blood sugar since your muscles will use that glucose for fuel,” she explains.
Something quick, like 10 to 20 minutes, will do the trick, and it’s a bonus if you can get outdoors for some fresh air and exposure to nature, which may further boost your mood and help you de-stress.
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Youre Getting Yeast Infections More Often Than Usual
Hyperglycemia may lead you to get more frequent genital yeast infections. The culprit is often a type of yeast known as Candida albicans, per the ADA. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in females the symptoms can include: vaginal itching, redness or soreness pain during sexual intercourse pain or discomfort during urination and thick, abnormal vaginal discharge. While yeast infections are common in people who dont have diabetes, having more glucose in your blood puts you at higher risk of getting them. The yeast feeds off the glucose, and if your blood sugar is high theres more glucose in the urinary tract, explains Bandukwala. Uncircumcised men with hyperglycemia are also at risk, he says.
Were also seeing this happen a little more now with patients who take SGLT-2 inhibitors, which force the body to expel more glucose through the urine, the endocrinologist adds. The FDA has added a warning to the prescribing information for SGLT-2 inhibitors about a far more rare and potentially fatal genital condition, known as necrotizing fasciitis of the perineum, or Fourniers gangrene .
How To Lower A Blood Sugar Spike
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Simple Tips To Prevent Blood Sugar Spikes
Blood sugar spikes occur when your blood sugar rises and then falls sharply after you eat.
In the short term, they can cause lethargy and hunger. Over time, your body may not be able to lower blood sugar effectively, which can lead to type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes is a rising health problem. In fact, 29 million Americans have diabetes, and 25% of them dont even know they have it .
Blood sugar spikes can also cause your blood vessels to harden and narrow, which can lead to a heart attack or stroke.
This article looks at 12 simple things you can do to prevent blood sugar spikes.
The Best Foods To Eat To Avoid Blood Sugar Spikes Say Dietitians
You’ve probably felt the effects of a blood sugar spike. It’s not so much the spike that you feel, but what happens afterwardthe crash. It makes you feel weak, lethargic, hungry. You may experience confusion, brain fog, or a headache. And you may become ravenous with cravings for a sweet, high-calorie snack like a cookie, doughnut, or ice cream because your brain is telling you that you need more glucose.
The common analogy for this rapid rise and dive of blood sugar is a roller coaster. After you eat something, your blood sugar spikes. If you ate a simple carbohydrate, your body breaks that down into glucose very quickly and sends a surge into your bloodstream that speeds you to the top of the coaster track, just before the free fall. Then, maybe even faster than the rise, you experience the rapid drop. On a roller coaster, your stomach seems to rise into your chest. In a blood sugar dip, your brain and stomach send you hunting for a doughnut. The blood sugar roller coaster isn’t much fun. If it happens a lot, in time it could lead to insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes.
For many Americans, it must happen a lot given the fact that one in 10 has diabetes and one in three, or 96 million, have prediabetes. So, what can you eat to get off the blood sugar roller coaster? Read on for a list of helpful blood sugar-stabilizing foods, and for more on how to eat healthy, don’t miss The #1 Best Eating Habit That Crushes Your Sugar Cravings, Says Dietitian.
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Can Hyperglycemia Be Treated
Your doctor may recommend a low-impact exercise program as your first line of defense. If youre already following a fitness plan, they may recommend that you increase your overall level of activity.
Your doctor may also suggest that you reduce glucose-rich food intake. Its important to maintain a balanced diet and stick to healthy food portions. If you arent sure where to begin, your doctor can refer you to a dietician or nutritionist who can help you establish a diet plan.
If these changes dont help lower your high blood sugar, your doctor may prescribe medication. If you have diabetes, your doctor may prescribe oral medications or change the amount or type of insulin youve already been prescribed.
Start Your Meal With Vegetables
“One of the best ways to minimize blood sugar spikes is to start each meal with veggiesideally leafy greens, cucumbers, zucchini, or other non-starchy veggies,” says Samantha Presicci, MCN, RD, LD, CPT at FOND Bone Broth. “From there, eat your protein, healthy fats, and then whatever carbs you’ve plated . The fiber, followed by the fat and protein, helps blunt any blood sugar spike.”
If you need some inspiration for vegetables to get you started, you can’t go wrong with the 12 Surprising Vegetables That Become Healthier When They’re Cooked. Just make sure to select the options with the least amount of starch, and you can’t go wrong.
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What Is Low Blood Glucose
Low blood glucose, also called low blood sugar or hypoglycemia, occurs when the level of glucose in your blood drops below what is healthy for you. For many people with diabetes, this means a blood glucose reading lower than 70 milligrams per deciliter .1 Your number might be different, so check with your doctor or health care team to find out what blood glucose level is low for you.
What Is High Blood Sugar
Most of the food you eat is broken down into glucose. Your body needs glucose because its the primary fuel that makes your muscles, organs, and brain work properly. But glucose cant be used as fuel until it enters your cells.
Insulin, a hormone produced by your pancreas, unlocks cells so glucose can enter them. Without insulin, that glucose keeps floating around in your bloodstream with nowhere to go. It can become increasingly more concentrated over time.
When glucose builds up in your bloodstream, your blood glucose levels rise. Over time, this can cause damage to organs, nerves, and blood vessels.
Blood sugar spikes occur in people with diabetes because their bodies are unable to use insulin effectively.
Keep reading to learn about the symptoms, causes, and treatment of blood sugar spikes.
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Not Brushing And Flossing
If you have diabetes, youâre more likely to get gum disease . And serious gum disease can make it harder to keep your blood sugar under control. Like all infections, it may cause your glucose to rise. That, in turn, can make other infections more likely. Inflamed or infected gums can also cause your bodyâs defense system to go into overdrive. That makes it harder for your body to keep insulin and blood sugar in check.
Make sure you not only brush and floss your teeth but also rinse with an antiseptic mouthwash daily.
Keep up with your dentist visits, work on managing your blood sugar, and, if you have gum disease, treat it — and any other infection in any part of your body — ASAP.
Carbohydrates And Blood Sugar
When people eat a food containing carbohydrates, the digestive system breaks down the digestible ones into sugar, which enters the blood.
- As blood sugar levels rise, the pancreas produces insulin, a hormone that prompts cells to absorb blood sugar for energy or storage.
- As cells absorb blood sugar, levels in the bloodstream begin to fall.
- When this happens, the pancreas start making glucagon, a hormone that signals the liver to start releasing stored sugar.
- This interplay of insulin and glucagon ensure that cells throughout the body, and especially in the brain, have a steady supply of blood sugar.
Carbohydrate metabolism is important in the development of type 2 diabetes, which occurs when the body cant make enough insulin or cant properly use the insulin it makes.
- Type 2 diabetes usually develops gradually over a number of years, beginning when muscle and other cells stop responding to insulin. This condition, known as insulin resistance, causes blood sugar and insulin levels to stay high long after eating. Over time, the heavy demands made on the insulin-making cells wears them out, and insulin production eventually stops.
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Symptoms Of High Blood Sugar
Learning to recognize the symptoms of hyperglycemia can help you successfully manage your diabetes.
Some people with diabetes immediately feel the symptoms of high blood sugar. Others dont because their symptoms are mild or vague.
Symptoms of hyperglycemia typically begin when your blood glucose goes above per deciliter . Symptoms can worsen the longer its untreated.
Symptoms of a blood sugar spike may include:
- frequent urination
How Can I Treat And Manage Hyperglycemia
People with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes can manage hyperglycemia by eating healthy, being active, and managing stress. In addition, insulin is a critical part of managing hyperglycemia for people with type 1 diabetes, while people with type 2 diabetes may need oral medications and eventually insulin to help them manage hyperglycemia.
If you dont have diabetes and have any of the signs and symptoms of hyperglycemia, call your healthcare provider. Together you can work to manage your hyperglycemia.
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Why Does Exercise Sometimes Raise Blood Glucose
Exercise is essential for everyoneespecially for people with diabetes. Being active most days of the week keeps you healthy by reducing long-term health risks, improving insulin sensitivity, and enhancing mood and overall quality of life. Most of the time, working out causes blood glucose to dip. But some people, after certain types of exercise, notice that their glucose levels actually rise during or after exercise. Fear not! There are steps you can take to avoid this.
What Can Affect The Results
Blood glucose levels change throughout the day, depending on various factors.
These might include a persons food intake, as well as the duration and intensity of any exercise or physical activity that day. However, people without diabetes tend to stay within the expected range of blood glucose levels.
The following factors may increase a persons blood glucose levels:
- eating too much food
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Blood Sugar And Carbohydrates
All carbohydrates whether from fruits and vegetables or from sweets and cookies break down to sugar in the body, otherwise known as glucose. In the Foundational Five , theres one primary element that contributes to blood sugar: Starchy and Sugary Carbohydrates.
Carbohydrate intake is what introduces sugar to the bloodstream. The type, timing, and amount of carbohydrates consumed determine how much sugar is introduced to the bloodstream at one time.
More complex, natural sources of carbohydrates will introduce sugar to the bloodstream at a slower, more gradual rate. Simpler, processed sources of carbohydrates will introduce sugar to the bloodstream at a faster rate.
We also have to take into account whether the carbohydrates were consumed on their own or paired with something else. When consumed alone, the rate of absorption is a bit quicker. Yet when theyre consumed with protein, healthy fat, or fiber, this helps to slow things down a bit.
Why Do We Need Sugar From Carbohydrates?
This sugar from carbohydrates is vital for the body to function appropriately. From muscle contractions to organs that rely on sugar for their energy source, we genuinely need glucose to keep everything running smoothly.
In a nutshell, carbohydrates are the bodys primary source of energy!
But before glucose can be used as energy by the organs, it has to be brought to the cells from the bloodstream. This is where insulin comes into play.
What Out Of Control Diabetes Feels Like
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